COVID-19 and the Pandemic Exit Strategies: Origin, Effects and Perspective Government – Business


The world urgently requires exit strategies for the pandemic generated by COVID-19, it is an event that has generated a standstill at a social and economic level, accompanied by a breakdown of global public health, itself a contemporary catastrophe. This research aims to analyze the battery of exit strategies reported in the literature from the perspective of both the State and the private company. Considering the origin of the pandemic, its effects and economic perspective. This work was developed based on a literature review in scientific journals indexed in global and regional databases, under a non-experimental descriptive approach. Among the main results of this research, the need for joint and active State-Company participation was determined, as well as the opportunity to implement exit strategies successfully applied in other territories, but under the premise of adapting them to the national reality.

Keywords: exit strategies, government, business, COVID-19.


El mundo requiere con urgencia estrategias de salida para la pandemia generada por el COVID-19, es un evento que ha generado un parón a nivel social y económico, acompañado de una descomposición de la salud pública global, en sí una hecatombe contemporánea. Esta investigación tiene como objetivo analizar la batería de estrategias de salida reportadas en la literatura bajo una perspectiva tanto del Estado como de la empresa privada. Considerando el origen de la pandemia, sus efectos y perspectiva económica. Este trabajo se desarrolló en función de una revisión de literatura en revistas científicas indexadas en bases de datos mundiales y regionales, bajo un enfoque descriptivo no experimental. Entre los principales resultados de esta investigación se determinaron la necesidad de la participación conjunta y activa Estado-Empresa, así como la oportunidad de implementar estrategias de salida aplicadas exitosamente en otros territorios, pero bajo la premisa de adaptarlas a la realidad nacional.

Palabras Clave: Estrategias de salida, Estado, Empresa, COVID-19.

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