Interventional Study on Adherence to Pharmacotherapy and Drug Pattern in Elderly Patients at Civil Hospital of Badin, Pakistan


Background: To assess the contributing factors to adherence of pharmacotherapy and perception of elderly patients.

Methods: This prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in the outpatient clinic of Civil Hospital Badin, Pakistan from January to June 2019. A total of 300 samples were selected to analyze the results. A self-designed proforma (prescribing indicator form) was used for collecting data including patient demographics, diagnosis, and the current medications prescribed for each patient.

Results: Of the 300 selected participants, 221(73.7%) were male, while 79 (26.3%) were female. Majority of the subjects in the age group of 60–69 (52%) and 70–79 years (27%) followed by those aged >79 (21%). Antibiotics were prescribed to 17.2% and vitamins to 14.7%. Patients’ responses related to nonadherence factor were 92.7% for the cost, 32.7% for the long treatment duration, and 24% for the lack of knowledge. Out of the total patients, 28% were forgetful, 26.7% complained about complex therapy, 26.3% blamed financial problems, 19.7% patients had side effects, and 14.3% were negligent in taking the medication.

Conclusion: Patient conformity can be enhanced by dropping polypharmacy and simplifying complex management, use of extended formulations, rate of medications, and by creating awareness among elderly patients.

Keywords: elderly, polypharmacy, pharmacotherapy, adherence

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