Nurse’s Knowledge and Practice on the Care of Preterm Infants at Khartoum State Hospitals


Background: Premature infants can develop a range of problems because their immature organs. A proper nursing care for a premature baby should be established through good nursing performances. This study aimed to assess nurse's knowledge and practices regarding the care of a premature baby in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).

Methods: This study is a descriptive cross-sectional study, with a systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of data that reports a clear picture of a particular situation carried out by 72 eligible nurses who were a graduate in BSc., and had at least six months' experience at the time of the study.

Result: The study showed that the percentage of nurse’s knowledge regarding care of premature; definition of preterm neonate 44.4%, nurses’ had poor knowledge, umbilical vessels: Two arteries &one vein 40.3 %, nurses’ had poor knowledge, and the percentage of nurses’ practices regarding care of premature baby; hand washing o 36.1 %, nurses’ have poor practice, so there were poor nurses’ knowledge and practices regarding care of premature baby.

[1] Linked to “Born too Soon: The Global Action Report on Preterm Birth,” “Country data and rankings for preterm birth EMBARGO UNTIL MAY 2ND 2012,” “Born too Soon Glob. Action Rep. Preterm Birth,” 2012.
[2] M. S. Harrison and R. L. Goldenberg, “Global burden of prematurity,” Seminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine. 2016.
[3] S. E. Purisch and C. Gyamfi-Bannerman, “Epidemiology of preterm birth,” Seminars in Perinatology. 2017.
[4] R. Stein, “The preterm epidemic in lmics and its impact on respiratory morbidity,” Pediatric pulmonology. Conference: 16th congress of the international pediatric pulmonology, CIPP 2017. Portugal. 2017.
[5] M. N. I. Mondal, M. K. Hossain, and M. K. Ali, “Factors influencing infant and child mortality: A case study of Rajshahi District, Bangladesh,” J. Hum. Ecol., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 31–39, 2009.
[6] T. E. Wiswell, “Neonatal resuscitation,” in Respiratory Care, 2003.
[7] J. E. Lawn, M. G. Gravett, T. M. Nunes, C. E. Rubens, C. Stanton, and the G. R. Group, “Global report on preterm birth and stillbirth (1 of 7): definitions, description of the burden and opportunities to improve data,” BMC Pregnancy Childbirth, vol. 10, no. 1, p. S1, 2010.
[8] W. H. Organization, “Preterm Birth fact sheet,” 2015.
[9] J. E. Lawn et al., “Born Too Soon: Care for the preterm baby,” Reproductive Health. 2013.
[10] L. E. Simmons, C. E. Rubens, G. L. Darmstadt, and M. G. Gravett, “Preventing preterm birth and neonatal mortality: exploring the epidemiology, causes, and interventions,” in Seminars in perinatology, 2010, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 408–415.
[11] H. S. Ramya, R. P. T. C., N. A. A. R., and M. Awati, “Correlation of maternal hemoglobin with outcome of neonatal gestational age and birth weight,” Int. J. Contemp. Pediatr., 2019.
[12] H. A. Fadlalmola and E. M. A. Elkareem, “Impact of an educational program on knowledge and quality of life among hemodialysis patients in Khartoum state,” Int. J. Africa Nurs. Sci., vol. 12, p. 100205, Apr. 2020.
[13] C. M. Desgualdo, R. Riera, and P. Zucchi, “Cost estimate of hospital stays for premature newborns in a public tertiary hospital in Brazil,” Clinics, vol. 66, no. 10, pp. 1773–1777, 2011.
[14] L. ming You et al., “Hospital nursing, care quality, and patient satisfaction: Cross-sectional surveys of nurses and patients in hospitals in China and Europe,” Int. J. Nurs. Stud., 2013.
[15] T. L. Gomella, M. D. Cunningham, F. G. Eyal, and D. J. Tuttle, Neonatology: management, procedures, on-call problems, diseases, and drugs. McGraw-Hill Education Medical, 2013.
[16] S. R. P. A. H.-N. Care, “District, Health sydney.,” 2017. [Online]. Available:
[17] N. L. L. Pack, T. Dressing, and C. Balls, “PROCEDURE FOR: UMBILICAL VENOUS CATHETERISATION–(UVC),” 2014.
[18] P. J. Sauer, H. J. Dane, and H. K. Visser, “New standards for neutral thermal environment of healthy very low birthweight infants in week one of life.,” Arch. Dis. Child., vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 18–22, 1984.
[19] V. A. Harpin and N. Rutter, “Humidification of incubators.,” Arch. Dis. Child., vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 219–224, 1985.
[20] M. A. A. Abaker, “Nurses’ knowledge Regarding Nursing Care of Neonatal Hypothermia at Gaffer Ibnuf Pediatric Hospital, Khartoum State, Sudan (2017).” University of Gezira, 2017.
[21] K. E. Quesenberry and E. V Hillyer, “Supportive care and emergency therapy,” Avian Med. Princ. Appl. Lake Worth, FL Wingers, vol. 382, p. 416, 1994.
[22] G. M. Murphy, P. McCann, A. O’Leary, and S. Rogers, “Guidelines for the use of phototherapy and photochemotherapy in Ireland,” Ir. J. Med. Sci., vol. 166, no. 2, p. 92, 1997.