Assessment of Dehydration in Children with Acute Gastroenteritis: A Review of International Guidelines
Background: Acute Gastroenteritis (AGE) is a major cause of presentation to hospital in children. Detection and classification of the degree of dehydration are vital for proper treatment.
Methods: The authors reviewed six international guidelines on AGE in children. The aim was to equip clinicians working in a hospital setting with practical and readily applicable clinical handles to assist them in detecting and classifying dehydration.
Results: Published international guidelines on AGE vary in their recommendations on the assessment of dehydration as well as their classification of dehydration severity. Nevertheless, a practical scheme utilizing a combination of these guidelines could be devised.
Conclusion: In addition to the World Health Organization classification of dehydration in children, several clinical handles were suggested.
Key words: acute gastroenteritis, children, dehydration, diarrhea
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