Hematological parameters in apparently Healthy Eritrean blood donors at the National Blood Transfusion Center, Asmara, Eritrea.


Introduction: This study was done to measure the Hemoglobin levels, Red Blood Cells count, and Red Blood cell parameters: MCV, MCH, MCHC, RDW, and Hematocrit of the apparently healthy blood donors attending the National Blood Bank of Eritrea.

Methods: Blood samples were collected from the peripheral veins into the (EDTA)-tube and examined for Red Blood Cell count (RBC), hemoglobin (Hb), Hematocrit (%), mean cell volume (MCV), mean cell hemoglobin (MCH), mean cell hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), and red cell distribution width (RDW), analyzed and measured by automated blood analyzer.

Results: The mean Hemoglobin level was 14.428±1.485 g/dl, RBCs count was 4.744±0.482×1012/L, HCT was 41.929 ±3.75%, Red cell distribution width (RDW) mean was 13.571±0.744%, MCV was 88.582± 4.0558 Fimtoliter, MCH was 30.470±2.188 picogram, and MCHC was a mean of 34.393±1.347g/dl. The difference between males and females in MCV and MCHC was significant in favor of female donors. And a weak positive correlation had been found between the weight and age of donors and the Hemoglobin level. All the measured values were found to be within the global referenced ranges.

Conclusion: Hemoglobin, RBCs count and RBCs indices of apparently healthy Eritrean blood donors were measured for reference, and all values were found within normal reference ranges.

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