Climate Change As a Significant Factor to the Aggravation of Coronary Artery Disease Among Elderly: A Basis for Emphasizing Community-based Self-care Measures


Background: This research study explored the lived experience of the elderly with coronary artery disease (CAD) relevant to the effects of climate change as a basis for enhanced and strengthened community-based self-care measures.

Methods: A descriptive phenomenological design was employed in the study. Consented face-to-face interview sessions with audio recordings were conducted to gather rich information. The data collected from 28 participants were analyzed using the modified Stevick-Colaizzi-Keen method.

Results: Three themes emerged upon a thorough analysis of the results: (1) elucidating the elderly’s perception of climate change; (2) unveiling the effects of climate change on CAD; and (3) managing health-related behaviors in a changing environment. Evidence has revealed that climate change causes and aggravates this disease. CAD manifestations worsen when an elderly person is exposed to sudden changes in weather conditions, where various signs and symptoms are evident.

Conclusion: In conclusion, elderly clients have an awareness of the concept of climate change and its physiologic effects on CAD; hence, employment of practical self-care measures and practices in managing manifestations, significantly helps them adapt and cope with the adverse effects climate change brings.


climate change, coronary artery disease, elderly, phenomenology, adaptation, coping, geriatric nursing, self-care, community-based interventions

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