Evaluation of Thematic Parks in Bandung City Based on Spatial Equity Perspective


The existence of Green Open Spaces (GOS) in big cities tend to decrease and not evenly distributed. Whereas, the role of GOS is essential for ecological, social, and economic function, also as the city’s aesthetic. Bandung City attempted to meet the needs of GOS by developing many thematic parks, the park which added by unique theme. Thematic parks were built to improve citizen happiness index, but its locations were mostly located in the city center as it is a revitalization of many old city parks. This research is addressed to evaluate the thematic parks provision from spatial equity perspective which seen from the distribution pattern and service range. The distribution pattern analyzed by nearest neighbor analysis of GIS while the service range will be viewed both from normative sight and user. The results showed that the provision of thematic parks in Bandung City only focused on the particular area and had lack of service coverage which indicates spatial injustice. Some areas oversupply and at the same time not serviced at all by thematic parks. None of the thematic parks meets the city scale category. People feel the presence of thematic parks in their neighborhood is very beneficial. Proximity distance is not only the main reason for visiting the park but also influenced by attractiveness and the suitability of the theme with the community’s characteristics.