Effect of Problem Solving Cycle (PSC) on Nursing Student’s Leadership Competencies

Abstract

Background: Problem Solving Circle (PSC) is a learning method used to build up a leadership characteristic to meet the clinical practice outcome especially in nursing management subject. The characteristic includes 3 aspects, there are knowledge/intelligence, personality, and ability. The way of thinking critically, systematically, and creative are basic characters in facing a competitive future ahead.


Objective: This study aimed to identify the effect of PSC to student’s leadership competencies on nursing management subject.


Method: One group pre-post test designwasusedinthisstudywithtotal35nursingstudentassamples.Datacollecting have done accord to questioner as an instrument in this study which divided the competencies as 3 domains, intelligence, personality, and ability. Univariate and bivariate analysis have conducted used paired T-Test. It used to find out the difference betweenleadershipcompetenciesbeforeandafterimplementation.


Result:there was a significant difference in leadership competencies after using PSC method with p-value 0.000 (α: 0.005).Conclusion: Nursing education especially in clinical practice area not only to increased students skill competencies but also the leadership competencies to make them ready at their future job as nurse professional. This study showed that PSC can be an alternative learning method for improving student leadership competencies. Another study should conduct in PSC implementation with larger samples.

References
[1] AIPNI. (2015). Preceptorship Guidance for Ners Profession Education.
[2] Chang,E. C., D’Zurilla,T.J., & Sanna,L. J.(Eds.).(2004).Social problemsolving:Theory,research,and training. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.
[3] Reilly,D.E.&Obermann,M.H,(2002),Clinical Learning and Nursing Education.2