The Effectiveness of Family Peer Group Education Intervention on Family Support of Type II Diabetes Mellitus Patients
Background: The number of people with diabetes mellitus is increasing with the most cases being Type II Diabetes Mellitus which is a chronic condition and if not treated seriously can cause complications such as kidney disease, amputation and blindness. Families play an important role in prevention and help deal with patients’ disease problems. One of the factorsthat inﬂuence the health of DM patientsis family support. It has a signiﬁcant inﬂuence on the success of diabetes management. The most inﬂuential factor for family support is health knowledge and education. Peer education intervention group is one type of health education that provides increased knowledge, psychosocial, and more effective expenditure, rather than personal counseling. Family as a function of health that requires peers from their own family members.
Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify the effectiveness of the peer group Educationin tervention family against the family support of type II DM patients.
Methods: The designused in this study included the randomized pretest and -posttest control group design. Sampling was done by purposive sampling with family inclusion criteria in which one family member suffered from type II DM, stayed with the patient, and was willing to become a respondent. Data collection is using family support questionnaire. Data analysis used a t-test.
Results: The results showed there were signiﬁcant differences between pre and post intervention. The peer group education intervention increased the family support of type II DM patients after the post intervention (p = 0.00). the peer group education intervention family increases the family support of type II DM patients in the intervention group compared to controls (p =0.00).
Conclusion: The results showed that peer group intervention education was more signiﬁcant than health education usually in increasing the family support of diabetes mellitus patients,so that it could be used as an intervention choice for community nurses in increasing family support for DM patients.
 Infodatin. (2013). Situasi dan Analisis DIABETES. Jakarta. Retrieved from http://www.depkes.go.id/ resources/download/pusdatin/infodatin/infodatin-diabetes.pdf
 International Diabetes Federation (IDF). (2015). Idf diabetes atlas sixth edition.
 Widhiantara, I. (2018). Diabetes Fakta dan Angka. Jurnal Kesehatan
 Kemenkes RI. (2014). Situasi dan Analisis Diabetes. Pusat Data Dan Informasi Kementerian Kesehatan RI. https://doi.org/24427659
 Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2012). Australia’s Health. Canberra: AIHW.
 Campbell, T. L. (2003). The effectiveness of family interventions for physical disorders (Reprinted from Effective Research in Marriage and Family Therapy, pg 311-337, 2002). Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 29(2), 263–281. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-0606.2003.tb01204.x
 Samuel-Hodge, C. D., Holder-Cooper, J. C., Gizlice, Z., Davis, G., Steele, S. P., Keyserling, T. C., … Svetkey, L. P. (2017). Family PArtners in Lifestyle Support (PALS): Family-based weight loss for African American adults with type 2 diabetes. Obesity, 25(1), 45–55. https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.21700
 Amelia, M., Elita, V., & Nurchayati, S. (2014). Analisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi keluarga untuk memberikandukungankepadakliendiabetesmellitusDalammenjalanidiet.JurnalOnlineMahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Keperawatan, (Vol 1, No 2 (2014)), 1–10. Retrieved from http://jom.unri.ac.id/index. php/JOMPSIK/article/view/3459
 Grey et al. (2009). Effect of coping skill training in school-age children with type 1 diabetes. Research in Nursing & Health, 32, 405–408
 Kamimura, A., Christensen, N., Greenwood, J. L. J., & Reel, J. J. (2014). Health and Diabetes Selfefﬁcacy: A Study of Diabetic and Non-diabetic Free Clinic Patients and Family Members, 783–791. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10900-014-9831-0
 Philis-TsimikasA,FortmannA,L.-O.L.,&WalkerC,G.L.(2011).Peer-led diabetes education programsin high-riskMexicanAmericansimproveglycemiccontrolcomparedwithstandardapproaches:aProject Dulce promotora randomized trial. Diabetes Care, 34(9), 1926–1931.
 Rickheim PL, Weaver TW, Flader JL, K. D. (2002). Assessment of group versus individual diabetes education: a randomized study. Diabetes Care, 25(2), 269–274.
 Or, K. Y., Yip, B. H.-K., Lau, C. H., Chen, H. H., Chan, Y. W., & Lee, K. P. (2017). Peer Education Group Intervention to Reduce Psychological Insulin Resistance: A Pilot Mixed-Method Study in a Chinese Population. Diabetes Therapy, 9(1), 113–124. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13300-017-0347-3
 DW, J. (2003). Social interdependence: interrelationships among theory, research, and practice. Am Psycho (Vol. 58).