Strategic Entrepreneurship: Integrating Entrepreneurial and Strategic Management Perspectives, a Case Study at Pesantren Tebuireng Jombang, East Java
This study examines Pesantren (Islamic boarding schools) as institutions of education and religion, especially during the global and digital era. A central question concerns how Pesantren position themselves as traditional religious schools or follow the process of modernization, for example by enhancing their curriculum and changing their governance. This depends on the management model and leadership applied by the kyai (religious leader) in Pesantren in response to the changing era. In general, the leadership of Pesantren still adopt a centralized and hierarchical pattern placing the kyai as their central figure. A kyai with charismatic attainment organizes the Pesantren using his skills and knowledge. Research on the role of entrepreneurial and strategic leadership of kyais in Pesantren has been fragmented. This paper therefore examines the significance of the entrepreneurial leadership role of Kyai Salahudin Wahid in cultivating the transformational and entrepreneurial leadership spirit of Pesantren Tebuireng Jombang. The conceptual framework is focused on the development of a strategic human resources management framework which is then extended into the context of Pesantren, entrepreneurial leadership, and a strategic management perspective.
Keywords: Strategic Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurial Leadership, Pesantren, Kyai
 Ireland, R. D., Hitt, M. A. and Simon, D. (2003). A Model of Strategic Entrepreneurship: The Construct and its Dimensions. Journal of management., vol. 29, issue 6, pp. 963–989.
 Kraus, C. H., Kauranen, S. I. and Reschke, C.H (2011). Identification of Domains for a New Conceptual Model of Strategic Entrepreneurship Using the Configuration Approach.Management research review. vol. 34, issue 1, pp. 58–74.
 Kyrgidou, M. and Hughes, P. P. (2010). Strategic Entrepreneurship: Origins, Core Elements & Research Directions. European business review.., vol. 22, issue 1, pp. 46–63.
 Shulman, J. M., Cox, R. A. K. and Oshawa, S. (2011). Competitiveness Review: An International Business Journal., vol. 21, issue 1, pp. 29–46.
 Ireland, R. D., et al. (2001). Integrating Entrepreneurship and Strategic Management Actions to Create Enterprise Wealth. Academy of Management Perspectives. vol. 15, issue 1, pp. 49–64.
 Gupta, V., MacMillan, I. C. and Surie, G. (2004). Entrepreneurial Leadership: Developing and Measuring a Cross-Cultural Construct. Journal of business venturing., vol. 19, issue 1, pp. 241–260.
 Lumpkin, G.T. and Dess, G. G. (2003). Strategic Management: Creating Competitive Advantage. Boston: McGraw Hill-Irwin.
 Wright, W. (2000). Relational Leadership: A Biblical Model for Influence and Service. Cumbria: Patermoster.
 Davies, B. J. and Davies, B. (2004). Strategic Leadership. School leadership & management., vol. 2, issue 1, pp. 31–38.
 Giacalone, C. R. A. and Jurkiewicz, CL. (2003). Toward a Science of Workplace Spirituality. New York: ME Sharp.
 Fry, L. (2003). Toward Theory of Spiritual Leadership. The leadership quarterly., vol. 14, issue 1, pp. 693–724.
 Prahalad, G. and Hamel, C. K. (1990). The Core Competence of the Corporation. Harvard Business Review., vol. 68, issue 3, pp. 79–91.
 Porter, M. E. (1985). Competitive Advantage: Creating and Sustaining Superior Performance. New York: The Free Press.
 Wernerfelt, B. (1984). A Resource-Based View of the Firm.Strategic management journal. vol. 5, issue 2, pp. 171–180.
 Barney, J. (1991). Book1. Journal of management.,Vol. 17(1) pp. 99–120.
 Miller, D. (1983). The Correlates of Entrepreneurship in Three Types of Firms. Management science., vol. 29, issue 7, pp. 770–791.
 Peng, M. W. (2001). How Entrepreneurs Create Wealth in Transition Economies. Academy of Management Perspectives., vol. 15, issue 1, pp. 95–108.
 Shane, S. and Venkataraman, S. (2000). The Promise of Entrepreneurship as a Field of Research. Academy of management review., vol. 25, issue 1, pp. 217–237.