The Schematic Structure of North Sumatran Folktales


This research aimed to analyze the schematic structure of North Sumatran folktales by using the Systemic Functional Linguistic approach and the concept of the narrative genre. Descriptive qualitative research methods were used. The data were collected through documentation and the data were analyzed using the interactive model proposed by Miles, Huberman and Saldana. The researchers asked English university students to write North Sumatran folktales based on the narrative genre. The research data were in the form of clauses taken from these writings. In analyzing the data, the researchers labeled the clauses based on experiential function and the text was then identified by schematic structure of the narrative genre. The schematic structure of the North Sumatran folktales written by the English university students consisted of the following stages: orientation (OR), sequence of events (Ev), stating problems (Pr), resolution (Re), and coda (Co). So it could be patterned as follows: [Or]∧[Ev(

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