Figurative Language and Messages in Poems About COVID-19
This study aimed to identify the types of figurative language used in poems about COVID-19 and to explain the messages of these poems. This research was conducted by using descriptive qualitative methods. The data were taken from five poems about COVID-19 on the Internet. The data were analyzed by using Leech’s theory to identify the types of figurative language and Nurgiyantoro’s theory to explain the meanings of the figurative language. There were eight types of figurative language found in the poems: metaphor (14.5 %), personification (13.3 %), simile (16.9%), hyperbole (13.3%), irony (8.5%), litotes (1.2%), metonymy (28.9%), and oxymoron (3.7%). The dominant type of figurative language used was therefore metonymy. There were two kinds of messages found, namely social messages and moral messages.
Keywords: Figurative Language, Poems, COVID-19
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