Russian Society's Civilizational Transit
This paper deals with the issue of specific civilizational process formation in Russia as a new figuration and configuration of the forms of modernity. It is argued that explanations of the dynamics of Russian society are often based on the idea of predestination of the trajectory of its development (path dependency) that is caused either by the universal logic of modernization and globalization or by persistence of the basic cultural program or matrix which is reproduced in social practices. A civilizational transit of Russian society phenomena is discussed within multiple modernities theory as a new perspective that allows overcoming some of the problems with the predominant approaches to Russian modernization. Civilizational approaches to analyses of Russian culture, politics and society have been associated mostly with theories of ‘historical cycles’ worked out in late nineteenth century and the first half of the twentieth century. More recently a considerable attention has been devoted to different versions of ‘neoEurasianism’. In addition, the notion of ‘clash of civilizations’ proposed by Samuel Huntington became prominent in the political discourse in Russia at the end of 1990s. At the same time, the concept of civilization is discussed widely in today’s historical sociology. A specific school of ‘civilizational analysis’ that draws on the ideas of Shmuel Eisenstadt emerged at the end of the 1990s. This perspective has already influenced some new trends in sociology of religion, political sociology and international relations theory. The panel seeks to demonstrate the relevance of a new wave of civilizational analysis for understanding contemporary Russian culture, politics and society.
Keywords: Russian society, civilizational transit, multiple modernities
 Arnason, J. P. (2006). Civilizational Analysis, Social Theory and Comparative History. In G. Delanty (Ed.), Handbook of Contemporary European Social Theory. London: Routledge, pp. 230–241.
 Baudrillard, J. (1998). The Consumer Society: Myths and Structures. London: Sage Publications. 224 pp.
 Ferguson, N. (2011). Civilization. The West and the Rest. London: Allen lane. 402 pp.
 North, D. C., Wallis, J. J. and Weingast, B. R. (2009). Violence and Social Orders. A Conceptual Framework for Interpreting Recorded Human History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. XVII, 308 pp.
 North, D., Wallis. D. and Weingast, B. (2011). Violence and Social Order. Conceptual Framework for the Interpretation of the Written History of Mankind. Moscow: Publishing. Gaidar Institute. 480 p. (Russ.).
 Urry, J. (2000). Sociology Beyond Societies: Mobilities for the Twenty-First Century. London: Routledge. 255 pp.
 Urry, J. (2012). Sotsiologiya za predelami obshchestv: vidy mobil’nosti dlya XXI stoletiya [Sociology Beyond Societies. Types of Mobility for the XXI Century]. Moscow: Ed. House of the Higher School of Economics. 336 pp. (Russ.).
 Urry, J. (2007). Mobil’nosti [Mobilities] Moscow: Praxis. 576 pp.]. (Russ.).
 Wagner, P. (2001). Theorizing Modernity. Inescapability and Attainability in Social Theory. London: Sage. 160 pp.
 Ryabov, A.V., Kurbangalieva, E.Sh. (Eds.) (2003) Bazovye tsennosti rossiyan. Sotsial’nye ustanovki. Zhiznennye strategii. Simvoly. Mify [The Basic Values of Russians. Social Attitudes. Life Strategies. Symbols. Myths]. Moscow: Dom intellektual’noy knigi. (in Russ.) 448 pp. (Russ.).
 Beck, W. (2001). Chto takoye globalizatsiya? [What is Globalization?] Moscow: Progress-Tradition. 304 pp. (Russ.).
 Kara-Murza, S.G. (2002). Sovetskaya tsivilizatsiya [Soviet Civilization]. Moscow: Algorithm, Eksmo. 537 pp. (Russ.).
 Kuzyk, B. N. (2008). Rossiya v tsivilizatsionnom izmerenii: Fundamental’nyye osnovy strategii innovatsionnogo razvitiya [Russia in the Civilizational Dimension: Fundamental Principles of the Strategy of Innovative Development]. Moscow: Institute of Economics. strategies. - 863 pp. (Russ.).
 Rozov, N.S. (ed.) (2002) Makrodinamika: Zakonomernosti geopoliticheskikh, sotsial’nykh i kul’turnykh izmeneniy. Teoreticheskaya istoriya i makrosotsiologiya. Vyp. 2 [Macrodynamics: Patterns of geopolitical, social and cultural changes. Theoretical history and macrosociology; issue 2]. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 468 pp. (Russ.).
 Rozov, N.S. (2009). Iistoricheskaya makrosotsiologiya: stanovleniye, osnovnyye napravleniya issledovaniy i tipy modeley [The Historical Macrosociology: Formation, Fundamental Areas of Research and Types of Models]. Social sciences and contemporary world. Issue 2. pp. 151-161. (Russ.).
 Pain, E.A. and Volkogonova, O.D. (Eds.) (2008) Rossiyskaya modernizatsiya: razmyshlyaya o samobytnosti / Institut Kennana [Russian modernization: Reflecting on identity]. – Moscow: Three squares. - 416 pp. (Russ.).
 Fedotova, V.G., Kolpakov, V.A., Fedotova, N.N. (2008) Global’nyy kapitalizm: tri velikiye transformatsii: sotsial’no-filosofskiy analiz vzaimootnosheniy ekonomiki i obshchestva. [Global Capitalism: Three Great Transformations, Social and Philosophical Analysis of the Relationship between the Economy and Society]. Moscow: Kulturnaya revolution. - 607 pp. (Russ.).
 Huntington, S. (2003) Stolknoveniye tsivilizatsiy [Clash of Civilizations]. Moscow: AST Publishing House, 2015. 571 pp. (Russ.).
 Elias, N. (2001) O protsesse tsivilizatsii. Sotsiogeneticheskiye i psikhogeneticheskiye issledovaniya. V 2-kh tomakh. [On the Process of Civilization. Sociogenetic and psychogenetic research]. In 2 volumes. Volume 1. Changes in the behavior of the upper layer of the laity in the West. 330 pp. Volume 2. Changes in society. Project of the theory of civilization. 380 pp. Publishing House: University book, St. Petersburg. (Russ.).
 Sorokin, P. A. (2006). Sotsial’naya i kul’turnaya dinamika [Social and Cultural Dynamics]/ Moscow: Astrel. 1176 pp. (Russ.).