The Role of Optimism in Responding to Covid-19
Optimism is a psychological phenomenon that influences many areas of life, optimistic individuals always look positively on every event in life. The Covid-19 pandemic has brought many changes to human life, virus which in some cases is deadly and spreads in short time. This article is a literature study assessing the role of optimism in responses to the Covid-19 pandemic. The results and discussion showed that optimism had a good impact on individuals, reducing anxiety and fear, but optimism must lead to positive behavior as well, do not let individual optimism override all policies and protocols to prevent the spread of viruses.
Keywords: COVID-19, Pandemic, Optimism
 Adit, A. (2020). Akademisi ub: “Wfh” munculkan tekanan sosial baru, salah satunya stres. Retrieved October 17, 2020, from Kompas.com website: https://edukasi.kompas.com/read/2020/05/ 22/162703671/akademisi- ub- wfh- munculkan- tekanan- sosial- baru- salah- satunya- stres
 Conversano, C., Rotondo, A., Lensi, E., Della Vista, O., Arpone, F., & Reda, M. A. (2010). Optimism and its impact on mental and physical well-being. Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health : CP & EMH, 6, 25–29. https://doi.org/10.2174/1745017901006010025
 Garfin, D. R., Silver, R. C., & Holman, E. A. (2020). The novel coronavirus (COVID-2019) outbreak: Amplification of public health consequences by media exposure. Health Psychology, 39(5), 355–357. https://doi.org/10.1037/hea0000875
 Halim, D. (2020). 6 bulan pandemi covid-19: Hoaks dan teori konspirasi yang memperparah penan- ganan... Retrieved October 17, 2020, from Kompas.com website: https://nasional.kompas.com/read/ 2020/09/05/09090921/6- bulan- pandemi- covid- 19- hoaks- dan- teori- konspirasi- yang- memperparah
 Huebner, C., & Arya, D. (2020, September 11). The new pessimism: How covid-19 has made young people lose faith in their own agency. Retrieved November 16, 2020, from LSE Covid- 19 website: https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/covid19/2020/09/11/the- new- pessimism- how- covid- 19- has- made- young- people- lose- faith- in- their- own- agency/
 Jovančević, A., & Milićević, N. (2020). Optimism-pessimism, conspiracy theories and general trust as factors contributing to covid-19 related behavior – a cross-cultural study. Personality and Individual Differences, 167, 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2020.110216
 Kuhlthau, C. C. (2002). Teaching the library research process. Lanham, Md: Scarecrow Press.
 Martínez-Correa,A.,ReyesdelPaso,G.A.,García-León,A.,&González-Jareño,M.I.(2006).Relationship between dispositional optimism/pessimism and stress coping strategies. Psicothema, 18(1), 66–72.
 Qiu, J., Shen, B., Zhao, M., Wang, Z., Xie, B., & Xu, Y. (2020). A nationwide survey of psychological distress among chinese people in the covid-19 epidemic: Implications and policy recommendations. General Psychiatry, 33(2), 1–3. https://doi.org/10.1136/gpsych-2020-100213