Emotion-Focused Coping Strategies As Predictors of New Inmates’ Adjustment in the Pandemic Era


This study aims to (1) find out the emotion-focused coping strategies used by the new inmates in the Class IIA Female Correctional Facility of Malang City, (2) understand the illustration of new inmates’ adjustment, (3) find out whether emotion-focused coping is a predictor of new inmates’ adjustment. This study employs predictive- quantitative research with descriptive analysis and applies simple linear regression on the population of new inmates at the Class IIA Female Correctional Facility of Malang City. The study uses the one-shot tryout technique. The subjects were selected using a saturated sample of 118 respondents. The instruments used were the adaptation of the Prison Adjustment Questionnaire (PAQ) and the adaptation of the Ways of Coping Scale (WCQ). The descriptive analysis uses categorization based on the T value, while hypothesis testing uses simple linear regression analysis techniques. This study resulted in an accepted hypothesis with a significance value of 0.014, an R value of 0.336, and an R square value of 0.181, which indicated that emotion-focused coping contributed to the emergence of self-adjustment by 18.1%. The use of emotion- focused coping can be used to develop self-adjustment for inmates in correctional environments, in addition to the emotion-focused coping that successfully applied can increase the self-esteem and capacity of inmates to overcome their problems in the future.

Keywords: emotion-focused coping, adjustment, new inmates

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