Gender Based Environmental Justice


Increasing environmental pollution is causing a widespread negative impact. Therefore, a solution is needed to overcome the increasing environmental problems. One approach is to consider the question of justice for the environment itself. This approach is founded on the perceived relationship between the environment of activism and caring with distributive justice. Decision making processes with regards to environmental justice are frequently determined by the gender differences of the individual. Perceptions between women and men can be different in interpreting environmental conditions. Women can be more sensitive in protecting the environment, while men are more logical. This article will discuss gender-based environmental justice to consider whether there is ‘correct’ perspective. This study uses a qualitative approach, reviewing and synthesizing journals related to Environmental Justice and Gender. As the fifth goal of sustainable development (SDGs), gender equality can increase the successful implementation of the principles of environmental justice.

Keywords: gender, environmental justice, Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

1] White, R. (2013). Environmental Harm an Eco Justice Perspective. UK: Policy Press.

[2] Tarlock, A. D. (1994). City versus Countryside: Environmental Equity in Context. Fordham Urban Law Journal, vol. 21, pp. 461–494.

[3] Molina, M. A., et al. (2018). Does Gender Make a Difference in Pro Environmental Behavior? The Case of the Basque Country University Students. Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 176, pp. 89-98.

[4] Green, B. N., Johnson, C. D. and Adams, A. (2006). Writing Narrative Literature Reviews for PeerReviewed Journals: Secrets of the Trade. Journal of Chiropractic Medicine, vol. 5, pp. 101–117.

[5] Templier, M and Pare, G. (2015). A Framework for Guiding and Evaluating Literature Reviews. Communications of the Association for Information Systems, vol. 37, pp. 112-137.

[6] Levac, D., Colquhoun, H. and O’Brien, K. K. (2010). Scoping Studies: Advancing the Methodology. Levac et al Implementation Science, vol. 5, pp. 1-9.

[7] Swim, J. K., et al. (2018). Gendered Discourse About Climate Change Policies. Global Environmental Change, vol. 48, pp. 216-225.

[8] Peretz, T. (2018). We’re Not Equipped: The Paradox of Intersectional Failures in The Formation of Men’s Gender Justice Groups. Journal of Men’s Studies, pp. 1-21.

[9] McGuinness, P. B., Vieito, J. P. and Wang, M. (2016). “CSR Performance in China: The Role of Board Gender an Foreign Ownership. Journal of Corporate Finance, pp. 1-51.

[10] Liu, C. (2018). Are Women Greener? Corporate Gender Diversity and Environmental Violations. Journal of Corporate Finance, pp. 1-66.

[11] Irwin, K., Edwards, K. and Tamburello, J. A. (2015). Gender, Trust, and Coorperation in Environmental Social. Social Science Research, vol. 50, pp. 328-324.

[12] Hein, W., et al. (2016). Gender Justice and The Market: A Transformative Consumer Research Perspective. Journal of Public Policy & Marketing, pp. 1-39.

[13] Sitthikriengkrai, M. and Porath, N. (2017). Lead Polluted Water Changed Our Lives: A Thai Karen Village’s Quest for Environmental Justice. South East asia Research, vol. 25, issue 2, pp. 139-156.

[14] Velicu, I. (2019). De-Growing Environmental Justice: Reflections from Anti Mining Movements in Eastern Europe. Ecological Economics, vol. 159, pp. 271-278.

[15] Davies, P. A. (2014). Green Crime and Victimization: Tensions Between Social and Environmental Justice. Theoretical Criminology, vol. 18, issue 3, pp. 300-316.

[16] Dominelli, L. (2014). Promoting Environmental Justice Through Green Social Work Practice: A Key Challenge for Practitioners and Educators. International Social Work, vol. 57, issue 4 pp. 338-345.

[17] Pulido, L. (2018). Reimagining Justice in Environmental Justice: Radical Ecologies, Decolonial Thought, and the Black Radical Tradition. Environmental and Planning E: Nature and Space, pp. 1-23.

[18] Rawson, A. and Mansfield, B. (2018). Producing Juridical Knowledge: Rights of Nature or the Naturalization of right? Environmental and Planning E: Nature and Space, pp. 1-23.