Potentials of AMDAL Kebudayaan
This is the third of three conferences over the past year focused on the effects of digital technologies on the cultures of the Southeast Asian nations for which I have been invited to deliver a talk. The first time was related to the roles of cultural heritage in the 4.0 industrial revolution. The second reexamined culture after the digital turn. This time, the task is articulating art, design, and education to reinforce cultural sustainability in the disruptive era. Hence, I propose to reflect on the growing recognition of the linkages between biological and cultural diversity, particularly in terms of the sustainable development paradigm. In view of that, I want to invite everyone to consider the potentials of AMDAL Kebudayaan (cultural environmental impact assessment) in policies and in application.
Keywords: AMDAL Kebudayaan, biocultural diversity, arts, cultural sustainability
 Andimuhtarom, I. (2018). Solo Kota Kreatif: Konsep Solo Kota Kreatif Tak Boleh Korbankan Budaya Lokal. Solopos, 09 Maret. (https://m.solopos.com/soloraya/read/20180309/489/901308/solo-kotakreatif- konsep-solo-kota-kreatif-tak-boleh-korbankan-budaya-lokal)
 Ariyanto, Y. B. (1995). AMDAL dalam kaitannya dengan kelestarian benda cagar budaya. Buletin Arkeologi Amoghapasa, 3/1 Maret, pp. 3–9. (http://kebudayaan.kemdikbud.go.id/bpcbbatusangkar/ wp-content/uploads/sites/28/2015/04/AMDAL-KELESTARIAN-BCB.pdf)
 Bower, J. L. and Christensen, C. M. (1995). Disruptive Technologies: Catching the Wave. Harvard Business Review, vol. 73, issue 1, January–February, pp. 43–53.
 Butler, D. (2014). Awakening Art and Dharma Nature Time: participatory approaches to interculture in cultural environments. In Katya Bloom, Margit Galanter, and Sandra Reeve (eds). Embodied Lives: Reflections on the Influence of Suprapto Suryodarmo and Amerta Movement. Dorset, UK: Triarchy Press, ch. 30.
 Butler, D. (2016). Enlivening Cultural Environments through Sharing and Gotong Royong (Mutual Cooperation). Heritage of Nusantara: International Journal of Religious Literature and Heritage, vol. 5, issue. 1. http://jurnallektur.kemenag.go.id/index.php/heritage/issue/view/46
 Butler, D. (2018). Cultural heritage and the role of spatial-temporal-kinesthetic knowledge through the arts. In Azizan, Ahamad Tarmizi et al. (eds). Proceedings of 7th International Seminar on Nusantara Heritage. Kelantan: UMK Press, pp. 153–159.
 Butler, D. (2019). A Re-Turn to Place-based Practice of the Arts for Lifelong Learning and Creativity. Nurhadi, Didik et al. (eds). Proceedings of 3rd Social Sciences, Humanities and Education Conference. Surabaya: Universitas Negeri Surabaya and Atlantis Press.
 Butler, D. C. (2011). Religiosity in Art inspired by Samuan Tiga and Tejakula, Bali: Unity in Diversity. Ph.D. thesis, Universitas Udayana, Bali. Abstract and summary published in E-Journal of Cultural Studies, Vol. 5, No. 2. https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/ecs/article/view/3643
 Butler, D. and Suryodarmo, S. (2001). Articles of Incorporation of International Foundation for Dharma Nature Time. Drafted May/June in Solo, Central Java.
 Elands, B. H. M., et al. (eds). (2015). Policy interpretations and manifestation of biocultural diversity in urbanized Europe: conservation of lived biodiversity. Biodiversity and Conservation, vol. 24, issue 13, pp. 3347–3366. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-015-0985-6
 International Association of Impact Assessment. (2009). About Impact Assessment. Published on UNEP Convention on Biological Diversity website https://www.cbd.int/impact/about.shtml Accessed 9 March
 Jordan, Ray. 2018. Bertemu Jokowi, Budayawan Sampaikan Kritik Kedangkalan Beragama. detikNews, 06 April. https://m.detik.com/news/berita/d-3957948/bertemu-jokowi-budayawan-sampaikan-kritikkedangkalan- beragama Accessed 9 March
 Loh, J. and Harmon, D. (2005). A global index of biocultural diversity. Ecological Indicators, vol. 5, issue 3, pp. 231–241. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2005.02.005
 Maffi, L. and Woodley, E. (2010). Biocultural diversity conservation: a global sourcebook. London/Washington: Earthscan.
 Partal, A. and Dunphy, K. (2016). Cultural impact assessment: a systematic literature review of current methods and practice around the world. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, vol. 34, issue 1, pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1080/14615517.2015.1077600
 Pérez de Cuéllar, J. (ed.). (1995). Our Creative Diversity: Report of the World Commission on Culture and Development. Paris: UNESCO Publishing. http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0010/001016/101651e.pdf
 Posey, D. A. (ed.). (1999). Cultural and Spiritual Values of Biodiversity: A Complementary Contribution to the Global Biodiversity Assessment. London/Nairobi: Intermediate Technology Publications/UNEP. http://www.unep.org/pdf/Cultural_Spiritual_thebible.pdf
 Salim, E. (2008). Transkrip Wawancara, 26 Februari. Buletin Tata Ruang “Tata Ruang dan Pemanasan Global”, Edisi Januari-Februari. Jakarta: Sekretariat Tim Pelaksanaan BKPRN. http://tataruang.bpn.go. id/bulletin/upload/data_buletin/BUTARU%20EDISI%201%20JANUARI.pdf
 UNESCO. (2008). Links between biological and cultural diversity-concepts, methods and experiences, Report of the International Workshop, pp. 26–28 September 2007, UNESCO HQ Paris. http://unesdoc. unesco.org/images/0015/001592/159255E.pdf Accessed 9 March
 Web Art Garden. (1999). Art, Culture, Environment annual worldwide cultural events on the occasion of June 5th World Environment Day. http://www.webartgarden.com Accessed 9 March
 World Culture Forum. (2016). “Bali Declaration”, adopted by participants of the 2nd World Culture Forum: Culture for an Inclusive Sustainable Planet. Nusa Dua, 13 October. Indonesia: Ministry of Education and Culture and UNESCO. http://www.unesco.or.id/download/WCF_2016_Declaration.pdf Accessed 9 March