The Upper Fallujah in the Arabic Islamic Sources


The study of cities can be difficult, especially when considering cities which are built in accordance with the desire of princes and sultans, or those which have been abandoned and become ruins. One example of this is the Upper Fallujah city, part of the chain of urban hubs linking Al-Shaam, Baghdad and the middle and south of Iraq due to its location on the Euphrates river. This helped the Upper Fallujah city to expand and hold a position of importance at key points in different historical eras, stretching from the Babylonian to Islamic periods. This study explores the continued significance of the city, drawing on a range of historical and geographical sources.

Keywords: (Anbar,The Upper Fallujah, rapiqum, Ephrata rivek, Arabic Sources).