The Effect of Wages, Economic Growth, and Number of Industries on Unemployment
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of minimum wages, economic growth, and number of industries on unemployment in West Java Province. In this study, the number of industries variable also acts as a moderator variable. The method of data analysis in this study is data panel regression. The data used is from secondary data obtained from Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS) in 2013-2015 with 26 districts and cities in West Java Province. The results showed that the minimum wage and the number of industries have positive and significant effects on unemployment, while economic growth has not significant effect on unemployment. The interaction between moderating variable and the minimum wages and economic growth variables have negative and significant effects on the unemployment. The interaction between the moderating variable and two other variables strengthens the influence of independent variables on the dependent variable.
 Andita, F. and Soesatyo, Y., 2014. Analysis of Labor and Income Absorption through Formal Industry in Ponorogo District, Ponorogo Regency. Jurnal Pendidikan Ekonomi (JUPE), 2(3), pp.1–17.
 Regulations No.13 2003.
 Peraturan Pemerintah No.24 Tahun 2009.
 Government regulations No. 78 2015.
 Arsyad, L., 2010. Economic development. Yogyakarta: UPP STIM YKPN YOGYAKARTA.
 Azizah, F.I.N., 2016. Analysis of the Influence of Population, Economic Growth, and Inflation on Open Unemployment in Central Java Province District / City 2010-2014. Yogyakarta: Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University.
 Economou, A. and Psarianos, L.N., 2016. Revisiting Okun ’ s Law in European Union countries. Journal of Economic Studies, 43(2), pp.275–287.
 Gohmann, S.F., Hobbs, B.K. and McCrickard, M.J., 2016. Productive versus unproductive entrepreneurship: Industry formation and state economic growth. Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy, 5(2), pp.145–160.
 Groisman, F., 2016. The role of minimum wage and income transfer policies on the labour market: The case of Argentina. Research on Economic Inequality, 24, pp.155–180.
 Indonesia Central Statistic Agency, 2017a. Number of Large and Medium Industries, Java and Outside Java, 2001-2015. Available at .
 Indonesia Central Statistic Agency, 2017b. Indonesian Statistics 2017. Available at: .
 Kristiyana, 2011. Effect of Regency / City Minimum Wages (UMK), Economic Growth and Inflation on Open Unemployment in Central Java 2004-2009.
 Kuntiarti, D.D., 2018. The Influence of Inflation, Total Population and Increase in Minimum Wages on Open Unemployment in Banten Province in 2010-2015. Jurnal Pendidikan dan Ekonomi, 7(1), pp.1–9.
 Lai, P. (Brian) and Cheung, W.L. (Patrick), 2016. Does Demographic Change Impact Hong Kong Economic Growth? 32, pp.207–241.
 Mambea, I.Y., Sihaloho, E.D., Cliff, J. and Rijoly, D., 2017. Analysis of Unemployment Rate in 25 City Regencies in West Java 2006-2009. Master of Economics in the Faculty of Economics and Business, Padjadjaran University.
 Mankiw, N.G., 2007. Macroeconomics. Jakarta: Erlangga.
 Meilani, S., 2014. Analysis of Labor Absorption in the City of Magelang with Process Hierarchy Analysis Method (AHP). Economic Development Analysis Journal, 3(1), pp.14–24.
 Misbahhudin and Hasan, I., 2014. Research Data Analysis with Statistics. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.
 Mitsis, P., 2015. Effects of Minimum Wages on Total Employment: Evidence from Cyprus. J Labor Res.
 Muhtamil, 2017. The Effect of Industrial Development on Labor Absorption in Jambi Province. Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah, 4(3), pp.199–206.
 Nugraheny, A. and Dewi, R.M., 2016. Effect of Industrial Growth on Labor Absorption in Ponorogo Regency. Jurnal Pendidikan Ekonomi (JUPE), 4(3), pp.1–8.
 Nurmawati, N., 2017. The Employment Conditions in West Java and MEA. Prosiding KS: Riset & PKM, 4(1), pp.110–114.
 Prasetyo, P.E., 2009. Macroeconomic Fundamentals. Yogyakarta: Beta Offset.
 Prishardoyo, B., 2008. Analysis of Economic Growth and Economic Potential of Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP). Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan, 1(1), pp.1–9.
 Sirait, N. and Marhaeni, A., 2013. Analysis of Several Factors that Influence Unemployment in Districts / Cities in Bali Province. E-Jurnal EP Unud, 2, pp.108–118.
 Zulaili, 2017. Analysis of factors that influence the unemployment rate in Lampung Province. pp.1–9.