The Conjunctive Expressions and Their Types in Arabic News Discourse: A Case Study on Indonesia Al-Youm Arabic News Website
The purpose of this research is (1) to reveal the use of conjunctive expressions in Arabic news discourse by taking sample on Indonesia al-Youm Arabic news website and (2) to reveal their types on that discourse. As for what is meant by conjunctive expression in this paper is linguistic or grammatical units used to combine words with words, phrases with phrase, clauses with clauses, sentences with sentences, or paragraphs with paragraphs. Thus, the conjunctive expression has the main function as a determinant of a discourse coherence and cohesiveness since it is linking the ideas between sentences or paragraphs. The result of the research showed that conjunctions in the Arabic news discourse, especially in Indonesia al-Youm Arabic news website, were expressed in several grammatical units such as words and phrases. The words capable of delivering the conjunctive expression are the particles of conjunction itself and some particular adverbs. The phrases capable of delivering the conjunctive expression are prepositional and adverbial phrases. Furthermore, the conjunctive expressions found in this Arabic news discourse are divided into four types, they are additive (idhāfī ), adversative (idhrābī ), causal (sababī ), and temporal (zamanī ).
Keywords: Conjunction, Conjunctive Expression, Arabic News Discourse, Indonesia Al-Youm
 Abdul-Ghani, A.A. (2011). Al-Kafi fi Syarch al-Ajrumiyyah. Kairo: Dar at-Taufiqiyyah
 Alazzawie, A. (2014). The Discourse Marker ˋˋWa'' in Standard Arabic - A Syntactic and Semantic Analysis. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, Vol. 4, No. 10, pp. 2008-2015
 Badara, A. (2013). Analisis Wacana: Teori, Metode, dan Penerapannya pada Wacana Media. Jakarta: Kencana Media Group
 ad-Daqr, Abdul Ghani. (1982). Mu'jam al-Qawa'id al-ˋArabiyyah fi an-Nachwi wa at-Tashrifi. Damaskus: Dar al-Qalam
 Halliday, M.A.K. & Hasan, R. (1976). Cohesion in English. London: Longman Group Ltd.
 Halliday, M.A.K. (2014). Introduction to Functional Grammar. Revised by Christian M.I.M. Matthiessen. New York: Routledge
 Haywood, J.A. and Nahmad, H.M. (1962). A New Arabic Grammar of The Written Language. London: Percy Lund, Humphries and Co.Ltd
 Hussein, M.M. (2008). The Discourse Marker ˋBut' In English and Standard Arabic: One Procedure and Different Implementations. Semantic Scholar Proceeding (semanticscholar.org) (accessed on 8th June 2019)
 Kridalaksana, H. (2007). Kamus Linguistik. 4th edition. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama
 Mohajan, H. (2018). Qualitative Research Methodology in Social Sciences and Related Subjects. Published in: Journal of Economic Development, Environment and People, Vol. 7, No. 1 (31 March 2018): pp. 23-48.
 Morley, G.D. (2000). Syntax in Functional Grammar: An Introduction to Lexicogrammar in Systemic Linguistics. London: Continuum
 Sarhan, Husein. (2007). Qamus al-Adawat an-Nachwiyyah. Manshurah: Maktabah al-Iman
 Sudaryanto. (1988). Metode Linguistik Bagian Kedua: Metode dan Aneka Teknik Pengumpulan Data.Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press
 Sudaryanto. (2015). Metode dan Aneka Teknik Analisis Bahasa. Yogyakarta: Sanata Dharma University Press
 Trask, R. L., (1996). A Dictionary of Grammatical Terms in Linguistics. London: Routledge
 el-Zohairy, Nabil. 2015. A Dictionary of Function Words; English-Arabic (Mu'jam al-Adawāt an-Nahwiyyah). Beirut: Libraire du Liban
 https://indonesiaalyoum.com/ريرحتلا-ةئيه/ (accessed on 8th June 2019)