Massive Religiosity in Indonesian Poetry vs. Scarce Divinity in American Poetry
As revealed by earlier research (Kadarisman 2008 and 2016), Indonesian poetry strikingly differs from American poetry in terms of massive divine presence in the former vs. divine absence in the latter. The present research moves on further to find out (1) how Indonesian poets express their religiosity, and (2) whether or not, with newly collected data, God is truly absent in today’s American poetry. Upon closer examination of Indonesian and American poetry, the research has come up with the following findings. First, most Indonesian poets express their religious experience with reverence and solemnity, although a few of them do so with complaint and humor. Secondly, it is true that there is no divinity in American poetry in today’s academia; but religious poems keep surviving in church communities. Briefly, religiosity is always there in poetry; but it differs across both countries in terms of degree, as determined by different socio-political systems and cultural beliefs.
Keywords: massive religiosity, scarce divinity, Indonesian poetry, American poetry
 Alexie, S. & Lehman, D. (2015). The Best American Poetry 2015 (e-book). New York: Scribner Poetry.
 Bisri, A. M. (994) Tadarus. Yogyakarya: Prima Pustaka.
 Carl Sandburg: Chicago Poems. (1994). New York: Dover Publications, Inc.
 Dawood, N, J, (1990). The Koran with Parallel Arabic Text. London: Penguin Books
 Hayes, T. & Lehman, D. (2014). The Best American Poetry 2014 (e-book) New York: Scribner Poetry.
 Jakobson, R. (1959 ). On Linguistic Aspects of Translation. In Schulte, R & Biguenet, J (eds.). Theories of Translation: An Anthology of Essays from Dryden to Derrida, pp. 144-51. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.
 Kadarisman, A. E. (2008). Hipotesis Sapir-Whorf dan Ungkap-Verbal Keagamaan, in Linguistik Indonesia, Year 26, No. 1, Februari 2008: 1-21.
 Kadarisman, A. E. (2016). Etnoputika: Merajut Nilai Lokal, Menjaring Skala Global (Booklet of Professorship Inaugural Address). Malang: UM Press.
 Mangunwijaya, Y. B. (1982). Sastra dan Religiositas. Jakarta: Sinar Harapan.
 Menkin, P. (2010). Seasons of Faith: Religious and Spiritual Poetry (e-book), Mill Valley CA: Xlibris Corporation.
 Najib, E. A. (1983 ) 99 untuk Tuhanku. Yogyakarya: Bentang Pustaka.
 Nietzsche, F. . Thus Spoke Zarathustra (an English translation by Walter Kaufmann). New York: Penguin Books.
 Perrine,L.&Arp,T.R.(1984).Sound and Sense: An Introduction to Poetry (EighthEdition).Philadelphia: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich College Publishers
 Putnam, R. D. & Campbell, D. E. (2010). American Grace: How Religion Divides and Unites Us. New York: Simon & Schuster
 Saryono, D. (2009). Suara Sufistis dan Religius dalam Sastra. Malang: A3 (Asah Asih Asuh)
 The American Poetry & Literary Project (Ed.). (1998). 101 Great American Poems. Mineola, New York: Dover Publications, Inc.
 The Holy Bible:New International Version.(1978).Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zonder-van Bible Publishers
 Trethewey,N.&Lehman,D.(2017).The Best American Poetry2017 (e-book).NewYork:Scribner Poetry.