Reading As a Democratic Value and Resource for the Formation of the Communicative and Cultural Memory of a Nation


The article actualizes the humanitarian aspect of the problem of preserving text reading in a new technological environment as a number of specific institutionalized and communicative practices. This phenomenon as one of the fundamental subsystems of culture, based on the results of sociological research, is considered in the context of the implementation of value, training and educational functions. Reading is not merely a process of consumption of a certain kind of information, it is not just a technology of interiorization of texts and an essential resource of communicative and cultural memory, but also a factor that largely determines the general and historical culture of a generation, and as a result, the cost of the products materialized by it, left to descendants. The highlighted intergenerational contradictions/gaps, as proved, show that reading in the era of post-literacy should be the most important resource for the formation and development of the communicative and cultural memory of the Russian nation.

Keywords: reading, culture, post-literacy, communication, mass media, education, sense creation, communicative and cultural memory

[1] Gudowa, M. Y. (2015). Reading in the post-literacy era: cultural analysis. Dissertaziya na soiskaniye uchenoi stepeni doktora culturologiyi, Ekaterinburg. 292 p.

[2] Zaitsev, A. S. (2019). Formation of reading culture. URL: 3134231/

[3] McLuhan, M. (2004). The Gutenberg Galaxy: the making of typographic man. Kiev: Nika-Centr, 432 p. (in Russian).

[4] Lotman, Ju. M. (1992). Culture and explosion. Moskva: Gnozis, Izdatelskaya gruppa «Progress», 272 p. (in Russian).

[5] Contemporary studies of intelligence and creativity. (2015). by ed. Zhuravlev. A. L., Ushakova. D. V, Cold. M. A. Moskva: Institut psychologiyi RAN, 303 p.

[6] Runco, M., Hao. N., Acar. J., Tang, M. (2016). The Social «Cost» of Working in Groups and Impact of Values and Creativity. Creativity: Theories-Research-Applications, 3 (2), pp. 229–243.

[7] Gudowa, M. Y. (2012). Post-literacy as an actual problem of modern culture. Innovazionnye proekty i programmy v obrazovaniyi, 6, pp. 58–62. (in Russian).

[8] Gudova, M. Y., Rubtsova, E. V. (2018). Communication trends in the conditions of cultural and civilizational revolution. Izvestiya Uralskogo federalnogo universiteta, Seriya 1, Problemy obrazovaniya, nauki i cultury, vol. 24 / 3, pp. 172–176. (in Russian).

[9] Gendina, N. I. (2016). Linguistic means of memory institutions: libraries, archives, museums and organizations of related fields of activity. Moskva: Litera. 400 p.

[10] Alberts, P. (2010). Multimodal Literacies. In P. Alberts, J. Sanders. Literacies, The Arts, and Multimodality. NCTE, K-College, pp. 1–25.

[11] Bakhtin, M. M. (1996–2012). Collected works: in 7 volumes. Moskva: IMLI RAN. [12] Eco, U. (2016). From tree to maze. Historical studies of the sign and interpretations. Moskva: Akademicheskiy proekt., 559 p.

[13] Manovich, L. (2017). Theories of soft culture. Nizhny Novgorod: Krasnaya lastochka, 208 p.

[14] Assmann, J. (2004). Cultural memory. Yaziki slavyanskoi kulturi. Moskva, 368 p.

[15] Assmann, A. (2012). Cultural Memory and Western Civilization: Functions, Media, Archives. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 382 p.

[16] Dubin, B. (2010). 34 % of Russians with higher education have never read books. They don’t, Novaya gazeta, June 28.

[17] Levada Center. (2019). Press release. URL:

[18] Arkhangelsky, A. (2009). Culture in business. Business in culture. Ekaterinburg: Vremya cultury, ANO, 108 p.

[19] Derricot, N. (2019). Why the Humanities are dying, and classical Philology is a radical political act. URL:

[20] Aro, M., Olkinuora, Е. (2007). Riding the information highway – towards a new kind of learning. International Journal of lifelong education, vol. 26 (4), pp. 385–398.

[21] Zdravomyslov, A. G. (1996). Sociology of the conflict. Moskva: Aspekt Press. 317 p.

[22] Stefanovsky, N. A. (2019). Reading as a spiritual value (based on the results of research in the Lipetsk and Tambov regions). URL:

[23] Oleshko, V. F. (2015). Reading as a democratic value. Izvestiya Uralskogo federalnogo universiteta, Seriya 1, Problemy obrazovaniya, nauki i cultury. Vol. 2, pp. 76–84.

[24] Luhmann, N. (2005). The reality of the mass media. Moskva: Pracsis, 256 p.

[25] Kuzmin, E. I. (2015). Preface. In Mediaobrazovaniye v Yugre: sbornik statei. Rossiyskiy komitet programmy UNESCO «Information for all», Khanty-Mansiysk: YuGU, pp. 7–8. [26] Assmann, A. (2014). The long shadow of the past: Memorial culture and historical politics. Moskva: NLO. 304 p.