Polycultural Phenomenology


The paper deals with the issue of the phenomenological foundations of polyculturalism on the basis of the categories of the following concepts: multi-layer being, concretization, intentionality, life world, and epoché. A comparison of phenomenology with eastern psychotechnics allows us to stress the importance of Husserl’s break with the tradition of speculative philosophy. Phenomenology is a pure experience of selfobservation. Such a radical intellectual position is similar to that of yoga and Buddhism which is also built after breaking with past traditions. They all reformat the cultural shell in order to reset and justify the experience of transcendental meditation. The achievement of the phenomenology lies not only in its reformist direction in philosophy, but also in that it solves the problem of overcoming the crisis of social sciences in Europe due to breaking the deadlock of speculative philosophy and positivism. Its universal value is in the development of cross-cultural research methodology, with the help of which such systems as Vedanta, yoga, Buddhism and phenomenology itself can be in a single intersubjective field.

Keywords: phenomenology of culture, phenomenology of education, multiculturalism, Husserl, life world.

[1] Chrudzimski, A. (2005). Existence, Culture, and Persons: The Ontology of Roman Ingarden. Frankfurt: Ontos Verlag, 266 p.

[2] Makazhanova, Zh. M. (2018). Polyculturalism in modern education, or how polyculturalism differs from multiculturalism. Continuing education: XXI century, No. 3 (23), pp. 106–113.

[3] Reeder, H. P. The Theory and Practice of Husserl’s Phenomenology. Bucharest : Zeta books, 230 p.

[4] A dictionary of Roman Ingarden’s philosophy (2000). Ed. by Andrzej Nowak and Leszek. Krakow : Sosnowski Universitas, 376 p.

[5] Ingarden, R. (1970). The Letters Pro and Con. The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism. Vol. 28, No. 4, pp. 541–542.

[6] Analecta Husserliana: The Passions of the Soul and the Elements in the Ontopoiesis of Culture (1990). Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka (Ed.). Vol. 28. Dodrecht – Boston – London : Kluwer, 594 p.

[7] Lebedev, M. V., Timoshchuk, A. S., Timoshchuk, E. A. (2007). Phenomenology as a cross-cultural bridge between East and West. Phenomenological studies. Overview of philosophical ideas and trends. Yearbook. No. 8, p. 67–83.

[8] Sokol, V. B. (2015). Intentional Mind and Musical Thinking: A Phenomenological Description. Doctor of Philosophy thesis. Tyumen: Tyumen State University, pp. 295–376.

[9] Timoshchuk, E. A. (2009). Educational technologies in the light of R. Ingarden’s phenomenology. In Modern problems of artistic culture and education (regional aspect): Materials of the international scientific-practical conference. March 26–28, Vladimir, pp. VF RAGS: 22–29.