Energy Modelling and Retroﬁt of the Residential Building Stock of Jiangsu Province
Thecontributiondiscussestheenergyuseandcharacteristicsoftheresidentialbuilding stock in Jiangsu Province (China), with a focus on the potential of large-scale energy retroﬁt to mitigate environmental impact and running costs of its most inefﬁcient vintages, while improving occupant comfort and reducing the need for demolition and reconstruction in the upgrading of the stock. Whilethehistoricalpartoftheresidentialstockisprofoundlyrootedinthelocaltraditions and adapted to the climate of the region, the development of the newer building typologies, that currently constitute the majority of the extant buildings, has been drastically shaped by different international inﬂuences starting form the 20
 Hong, L., Zhou, N., Feng, W., Khanna, N., Fridley, D., Zhao, Y., & Sandholt, K. (2016). Building stock dynamics and its impacts on materials and energy demand in China. Energy Policy, 94(June 2015), 47–55.
 Lin, B., & Liu, H. (2015). CO2 emissions of China’s commercial and residential buildings: Evidence and reduction policy. Building and Environment, 92, 418–431.
 Su Wei, National Focal Point of UNFCCC, Director-General, Department of Climate Change, National DevelopmentandReformCommission,People’sRepublicofChina.(2015).Enhancedactionsonclimate change: China’s intended nationally determined contributions
 National Bureau of Statistics of China, China statistical Yearbook 2018, available at http://www.stats. gov.cn/tjsj/ndsj/2018/indexeh.htm
 Tengfei Huo, Weiguang Cai, Hong Ren, Wei Feng, Minglei Zhu, Ningning Lang, Jingxin Gao, China’s building stock estimation and energy intensity analysis, Journal of Cleaner Production, Volume 207, 2019, Pages 801-813
 Almodovar-Melendo, Jose-Manuel, e Joseph-Maria Cabeza-Lainez. 2018. Environmental Features of Chinese Architectural Heritage: The Standardization of Form in the Pursuit of Equilibrium with Nature. Sustainability 10 (7): 2443.
 Sun, Feifei. 2013. «Chinese Climate and Vernacular Dwellings». Buildings 3 (1): 143–72
 Bouillot, Jean. 2008. «Climatic design of vernacular housing in different provinces of China». Journal of Environmental Management, Chinese Villages and their Sustainable Future, 87 (2): 287–99. Nakicenovic, N., et al., Special report on emissions scenarios (SRES), a special report of Working Group III of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. 2000: Cambridge University Press.
 Deng, Y. (2017). Urban housing system reform and real estate market development in China. Housing Finance International, Autumn2017, p15-17. 3p.
 李培, (2008). 中国住房制度改革的政策评析.公共管理学报, Vol.5 No.3 July 2008, p47-55.
 Kai, Y, (2009). TheCourse and Prospect of Chinese Housing Industrialization in the Past 60 Years. 住宅科技, Vol.2009.10, p01-05.
 Zhang, D & Fan, L, (2005). The Development of Our Country City Residential Standard Revision and Residential Buildings. Chinese and Overseas Architecture. Vol. 2013, (6), p56-57.
 XueliangYuanetal.,TheDevelopmentofBuildingEnergyConservationinChina:AReviewandCritical Assessment from the Perspective of Policy and Institutional System
 Minda Ma, Weiguang Cai, Yong Wu, China Act on the Energy Efﬁciency of Civil Buildings (2008): A decade review, Science of The Total Environment, Volume 651, Part 1, 2019, Pages 42-60
 Loga,T.,Stein,B.,&Diefenbach,N.(n.d.).TABULAbuildingtypologiesin20Europeancountries—Making energy-related features of residential building stocks comparable. Energy and Buildings. JOUR.
 Nakicenovic,N.,etal.,Specialreportonemissionsscenarios(SRES),aspecialreportofWorkingGroup III of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. 2000: Cambridge University Press.
 Remund, J., Accuracy of Meteonorm. A detailed look at the model steps and uncertainties.[online] Available at: http://www.meteonorm.com/images/uploads/downloads/Accuracy_of_Meteonorm_7.pdf [Accessed 21 Apr. 2016], 2015.
 Remund, J., Quality of meteonorm version 6.0. Europe, 2008. 6(1.1): p. 389.
 Remund,J.,ChainofalgorithmstocomputehourlyradiationdataoninclinedplanesusedinMeteonorm, in Modeling Solar Radiation at the Earth’s Surface. 2008, Springer. p. 393-410.
 Remund, J., et al. The use of Meteonorm weather generator for climate change studies. in 10th EMS Annual Meeting, 10th European Conference on Applications of Meteorology (ECAM) Abstracts, held Sept. 13-17, 2010 in Zürich, Switzerland. http://meetings.copernicus.org/ems2010/, id. EMS2010-417. 2010.
 Metz,B.,etal.,Climatechange2001:mitigation:contributionofWorkingGroupIIItothethirdassessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Vol. 3. 2001: Cambridge University Press.
 Solomon, S., et al., IPCC fourth assessment report (AR4). Climate change, 2007.
 Thomson,A.M.,etal.,RCP4.5:apathwayforstabilizationofradiativeforcingby2100.Climaticchange, 2011. 109(1-2): p. 77.
 FelixPretis,MaxRoser(2017),Carbondioxideemission-intensityinclimateprojections:Comparingthe observational record to socio-economic scenarios, Energy, Volume 135, 718-725
 Engineering practice, Series of construction projects in Jiangsu Province Atlas of standard design 苏J01-2005. (2006) China Architecture & Building Press
 Odysee-Mure Database 2014
 Lixuan Hong, Nan Zhou, Wei Feng, Nina Khanna, David Fridley, Yongqiang Zhao, Kaare Sandholt, Building stock dynamics and its impacts on materials and energy demand in China, Energy Policy, Volume 94, 2016, 47-55