The objective of this research is to investigate whether there is a positive relationship between Value at Risk and Expected Portfolio Returns on the Indonesia Stock Exchange. The population of this research is companies listed on the LQ45 index for the period 2013–2016, and the sample is 20 companies that meet the criteria. Markowitz method was used to form 65 portfolios; each consists of a combination of two stocks that have a negative correlation. The result shows that there is no positive relationship between Value at Risk and Expected Portfolio Returns. On the contrary, the correlation coefficient indicated that there is a negative relationship between the variables, which means that there is an inverse relationship (high return low risk, and vice versa). It proves that the assumption of a rational investor is avoiding risk (risk averse). This result is also supported by the findings from Schroders Global Investment Trends Survey 2015, which shows that 63% of investors in Indonesia prefer to allocate their investments in instruments with low- and medium-risk levels. However, it does not mean that the concept of high-risk high-return is not applicable in Indonesia because the result is not significant.
Keywords: Value at Risk, Markowitz Method, Expected Return Portfolio