Aceh AS Indonesia Maritime Diplomacy Across the Indian Ocean


Aceh which is located in strategic location on the lanes of international trade between Malacca Strait and the Indian Ocean, therefore, Aceh’s relationship with the communities in the coastal areas of the Indian Ocean has lasted over centuries. Acehnese cooperate with the community of Indian Ocean not only in economic but also cultural field in order to strengthen the archipelago’s history. Under the governance of President Jokowi, Indonesian foreign policy is attempted to strengthen Indonesia as World Maritime Center. Given its strategic position in the Indian Ocean region and the diverse potential, Aceh is expected to be a cornerstone for the achievement of national policy.

[1] Aceh Investment Coordinating Board, Aceh Investment Profile 2014. Government of Aceh, 2014.

[2] Anthony Reid, Asal Mula Konflik Aceh, Dari perebutan Pantai Timur Sumatera hingga Akhir Kerajaan Aceh Abad Ke-19, Yayasan Obor Indonesia, 2005.

[3] Denys Lombard, Kerajaan Aceh Zaman Sultan Iskandar Muda (1607-1636), Kepustakaan Populer Gramedia, 2008.

[4] Iis Gindarsa, Indonesia’s Maritime Doctrine and Security Concerns, https: // concerns/, accessed on 8 February 2016.

[5] I Gusti Bagus Dharma Agastia dan A. A. Banyu Perwita, Jokowi’s Maritime Axis: Change and Continuity of Indonesia’s Role in Indo-Pacific, Journal of ASEAN Studies, Vol. 3, No.1 (2015), pp. 32-41.

[6] Joko Widodo and Jusuf Kalla. Jalan Perubahan untuk Indonesia Yang Berdaulat, Mandiri dan Berkepribadian – Visi Misi, Dan Program Aksi. Komisi Pemilihan Umum Indonesia, 2014.

[7] Sam Bateman, Jane Chan, Euan Graham (Ed.), ASEAN and The Indian Ocean, The Key Maritime Links, indian-ocean-reg/#.VRJGG44asrg, accessed on 8 February 2016.

[8] Sergei DeSilva-Ranasinghe, Why the Indian Ocean Matters. http://thediplomat. com/2011/03/whythe-indian-ocean-matters/, accessed on 8 February 2016.

[9] Syamsuddin Mahmud, dkk., Pelabuhan Bebas Sabang 1967. Banda Aceh: LPESBPKP4BS, 1968.

[10] Vibhanshu Shekhar and Joseph Chinyong Liow, Indonesia as a Maritime Power: Jokowi’s Vision, Strategies, and Obstacles Ahead. research/articles/2014/11/indonesia-maritimeliow-shekhar, accessed on 9 February 2016.

[11] Yuri O, Thamrin, Visi IORA Concord., accessed on 8 February 2016. Legislation

[12] Law No. 11 of 2006 on Aceh Government

[13] Indonesian Government Regulation No. 83 Year 2010 regarding Government Authority Delegation to the Board of Sabang Zone.

[14] Indonesian Presidential Regulation No. 11 Year 2010 concerning Aceh Government Cooperation with Foreign Institute or Agency.