Local Decentralization in North Sumatera: Civil Society at Crossroad and Social Transformation is Questioned


Indonesia society with its multilayered heterogeneities based on multiplicity of racial and ethnic group, different religion, conflicting classes and political ideologist that intersect at various level in the context of an ‘unfinished’ nationhood and statehood, does not make a clear-cut empirical case study of a ‘positive’ civil society (Seda 2004:30). Power and fiscal decentralization in North Sumatera on one side does not followed by powerful controlling by agencies structures such as civil society and community organization (ormas) as well as academia on the other side. For some extent, religious organization (ormas keagamaan) even contributes to religious tension since each of these organizations try to persuade and influence the local elites to get more financial gain from Bansos (local budget or APBD). In this regard, the local elites implement diametrical majority-minority power relation among religious community organization. A few of independent university organizations such as HMI, GMNI, and PMII which try to raise the voice of the voiceless almost hopeless since they were battled by paramilitary organization backed up by local business and local elites.



Keywords: Decentralization, Religious Community Organization, Civil Society, Primordialism, Majority-Minority.

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