Developing Competitiveness at Cimahi Telematics Creative Industry Based on Relational Economy


Improving creative economy is very important for a nation. Bandung City for example, has increased creative industry to construct competitive business climate [42]. Developing telematics creative industry at Cimahi City done to enhance region competitiveness and society welfare through community of practice is called Cimahi Creative Association (CCA) [37]. This research use framework: the relational economy from Bathelt & Gluckler (2011). The novelty of this research is used the relational economy theory to explain development of telematics creative industry. In order to develop competitiveness for Cimahi telematics creative industry use intellectual instrument that is human activity systems in the form of root definition and then create conceptual models for research interest with eight dimension of relational economy that are: organization, evolution, innovation, interaction, knowledge, geographic market, cluster, and institution. These eight dimensions of relational economy are improvement from four dimensions of relational economy from Bathelt & Gluckler (2011). There are three conceptual models of problem solving interest: Cimahi telematics creative industry, developing relational economy: Cimahi creative industries, Cimahi Creative Associations as hybrid organization. Intellectual instrument such as conceptual models used for comparison stage and formulate recommendation for research result that is at the five and six stage in using soft systems methodology. Refer to norms of soft systems methodology; comparison and debating process to research interest involve soft systems methodology practitioner, academic advisor and academic reviewers. While for problem solving interest involve stakeholders at three level institutions of Cimahi telematics creative industry and soft systems methodology practitioner. Economic processes as ‘relational’ because economic action is social action. Individual preferences, norms, values, ethics, tastes, styles, needs, and objectives emerge from and are co-constituted through the social embedding of economic action and interaction. Implication relational economy framework contains contextuality, path dependency and contingency. Dimensions of relational economy such as organization, evolution, innovation, interaction, knowledge, geographic market, cluster, institution look into economy action embedded at social relation structure and alignment with institutional structure and relevant social reality. Using relational framework is suitable and relevant with developing competitiveness for Cimahi telematics creative industry.



Keywords: relational economy, eight dimensions: organization, evolution, innovation, interaction, knowledge, geographic market, cluster, institutions, spatial and relational perspective: contextuality, path dependency, contingency, telematics creative industry, Soft Systems Methodology.

[1] Argyris, C. (1990). Overcoming Organizational Defenses: Facilitating Organizational Learning. Boston, MA: Prentice Hall.

[2] Argyris, C. (1993). Knowledge for Action. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

[3] Ahmed, P. K., Lim, K. K. & Loh, A. Y. E. (2002). Learning through Knowledge

[4] Barney, J. B. (2002). Gaining and Sustaining Competitive Advantage, 2nd ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

[5] Barney, J. B. & Clark, D. N. (2007). Resource-Based Theory, Creating and Sustaining Competitive Advantage. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

[6] Bartlett, C. A. & Ghoshal, S. (1995). Transnational Management: Text, Cases, and Readings in Cross-Border Management. Second Edition. Homewood, IL: R. D. Irwin Inc.

[7] Besanko, D., Dranove, D., Shanley, M. & Schaefer, S. (2004). Economics of Strategy. New York: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

[8] Buckman, R. H. (2004). Building a Knowledge Driven Organization. New York: McGraw-Hill.

[9] Barton, John, Stephens, John, Haslett, Tim (2009) Action Research: Its Foundations in Open Systems Thinking and Relationship to the Scientific Method, Systemic Practice Action Research (2009) 22:475–488.

[10] Bathelt, H. & Glückler, J. (2011). The Relational Economic: Geographies of Knowing and Learning. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

[11] Creswell, J. W. (1994, 1998). Research Design Qualitative & Quantitative Approaches, Choosing Among Five Traditions. London, New Delhi: Sage.

[12] Creswell, J. W. (2009). Research Design, Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. London. New Delhi: Sage.

[13] Choo, C. W. (1998). The Knowing Organization, How Organizations Use Information to Construct Meaning, Create Knowledge, and Make Decision. New York: Oxford University Press.

[14] Checkland, Peter. (1981). Systems Thinking, Systems Practice: Chichester, West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons.

[15] Checkland, P. & Scholes, J. (1990). Soft Systems Methodology in Action. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

[16] Checkland, P. (1999). Systems Thinking, Systems Practice, Includes a 30-year retrospective. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

[17] Checkland, P. & Poulter, J. (2006). Learning for Action, A Short Definitive Account of Soft Systems Methodology and Its Use for Practitioners, Teachers and Students. West Sussex: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

[18] Denzin, N. K. & Lincoln. Y. S. (Editors) (2005). The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Research. London. New Delhi: Sage.

[19] Dicken, P. (2011). Global Shift Mapping the Changing Contours of the World Economy. New York: the Guilford Press.

[20] Dicken, P. (1990). The geography of enterprise. Elements of a research agenda. In M. de Smidt and E. Wever (eds) The Corporate Firm in a Changing World Economy. Cases Studies in the Geography of Enterprise. London: Routledge.

[21] Flood, Robert L. & Jackson, Michael C. (1991) Creative Problem Solving: Total Systems Intervention. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

[22] Fitriati, Rachma. (2012). Rekonstruksi Daya Saing UMKM Industri Kreatif Berbasis Tiga Tingkat Kerangka Kelembagaan (Sebuah Aplikasi Riset Tindakan Berbasis Soft Systems Methodology). Disertasi, Universitas Indonesia.

[23] Guba, E. G. (1990). The Paradigm Dialog. London. New Delhi: Sage.

[24] Hamel, G. & Prahalad, C. K. (1994). Competing for the Future. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.

[25] Hax, A. C. & Majluf, N. S. (1984). Strategic Management: An Integrative Approach. NJ: Englewood Cliffs.

[26] Hatch, M. J. (1997). Organization Theory, Modern, Symbolic, and Postmodern Perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

[27] Informatics, University of Bangor.

[28] Hardjosoekarto, S. (2012). Soft Systems Methodology (Metode Serba Sistem Lunak). Jakarta: UI Press.

[29] LØwendahl, B. (2000), The globalization of professional business service firms. Fad or genuine source of competitive advantage, in Y. Aharoni and L. Nachum (eds.), Globalization of Services. Some Implications for Theory and Practice (London, New York: Routledge).

[30] Marquardt, M. J. & Reynolds, A. (1994). The Global Learning Organization, Gaining Competitive Advantage through Continuous Learning. New York: Irwin Professional Publishing.

[31] Mintzberg, H., Ahlstrand, B. & Lampel, J. (1998). Strategy Safari: A Guide Tour Through the Wilds of Strategic Management. New York: Free Press.

[32] Maier, R. (2007). Knowledge Management Systems, Information and Communication Technologies for Knowledge Management. Verlag Berlin Heidelberg: Springer.

[33] McKay, J & Marshall, P. (2001). “The dual imperative of action research”. Information Technology & People, Vol. 14 No. 1, pp. 46-59.

[34] Nonaka, I. & Takeuchi, H. (1995). The Knowledge Creating Company: How Japanese companies create the dynamics of innovation. New York: Oxford University Press.

[35] Nee, V. & Swedberg, R (2005). Economic Sociology and New Institutional Economics dalam C. M´enard and M. M. Shirley (eds.), Handbook of New Institutional Economics. Netherland: Springer.

[36] Neuman, W. Lawrence. (2006). Social Research Methods, Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. Boston: Pearson International Edition.

[37] Nugroho, B. P. (2011). Panduan Pengembangan Klaster Industri. Jakarta: Pusat Pengkajian Kebijakan Inovasi Teknologi, BPPT.

[38] Polanyi, M. (1967). The Tacit Dimension. Garden City, New York: Anchor Books.

[39] Porter, M. E. (1980). Competitive Strategy. New York: Free Press.

[40] Porter, M. E. (1985). Competitive Advantage Creating and Sustaining Superior Performance. New York: Free Press.

[41] Porter, M. E. (1990). Competitive Advantage of Nations. London: Macmillan.

[42] Pangestu, M. (2012). “Indonesia’s Creative”. The Qualitative Report Volume 11 Number 3, 538-549.

[43] Pemerintah Kota Cimahi, 2003, Peraturan Daerah Kota Cimahi Nomor 32 Tahun 2003 Tentang Rencana Tata Ruang Wilayah Kota Cimahi, Pemerintah Kota Cimahi, Cimahi

[44] —–, 2010, Laporan Keterangan Pertanggungjawaban Kota Cimahi Tahun Anggaran 2009, Pemerintah Kota Cimahi, 2010

[45] —–, 2009, Profil Pemerintah Kota Cimahi Tahun 2009, BPS Kota Cimahi, Cimahi

[46] Storper, M. (1997). The Regional World, Territorial Development in a Global Economy. New York, London: Guilford.

[47] —–, (1999). Globalization, Localization and Trade. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

[48] Complex World. Boston: Irwin McGraw-Hill.

[49] Sekaran, U. (1992). Research Methods for Business, A Skill Building Approach. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

[50] Schwartz, D. G. (2006). Encyclopedia of Knowledge Management. Hershey: Idea Group Reference.

[51] Sölvell, Ö., Lindqvist, G. & Ketels, C. (2003). The Cluster Initiative Greenbook. Stockholm: Ivory Tower Publishers.

[52] Tashakkori, A. & Teddlie, C. (1998). Mixed Methodology, Combining Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. California: Sage Publications.

[53] Tashakkori, A. & Teddlie, C. (2003). Handbook of Mixed Methods in Social & Behavioral Research. California: Sage Publications.

[54] Tuomi, I. (1999). Corporate Knowledge, Theory and Practice of Intelligent Organizations. Helsinki: Metaxis.

[55] Uchiyama, Kenichi (2009). Concise Theoretical Grounding of Action Research: Based on Checkland’s Soft Systems Methodology and Kimura’s Phenomenological Psychiatry. Daito Bunka University, Japan.

[56] Williamson, O.E. (1995). Organization Theory, from Chester Barnard to the Present and Beyond. New York: Oxford University Press.

[57] Williamson, O.E. (1985). The Economic Institutions of Capitalism: Firms, Markets, Relational Contracting. New York: Free Press.