Gender Equality and Economic Development


The purpose of this research was to study the effect of gender equality, both in education and work, on the economic development of Indonesia, directly and indirectly. The impact of gender equality in education will be studied by education level. Analysis of the comparison among the level of education is aimed to find out level of adequate education for woman so as to encourage the economic development. Sources of data in this study is a publication issued by BPS, namely Indikator Kesejahteraan Rakyat, Statistik Ketenagakerjaan, Statistik Indonesia, and National Economic and Social Survey of 2012. This study applies multiple regression models to test hypotheses and data analysis. Ratio NER of girls to boys in junior high school has a negative effect on the per capita income, mean year school of population and urbanization. Meanwhile, Ratio NER in senior high school has a positive relationship even though no significant on per capita income, mean year school of population and urbanization. This research concluded that Indonesia don’t ever dreamed could be a developed country if it is not able to provide greater opportunities for girls to attend school at least until the senior high school level. The success of the Program WAJAR 12 Tahun is one of the keys for the purpose.



Keywords: Gender Equality, Ratio NER, Per Capita Income, Education, Work

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