The Role of Women As Environmental Activist in Resolution of Environmental Conflicts for Sustainability of City
Climate change and unplanned urban development has led to environmental degradation until the occurrence of environmental disasters, either ecological damage, flooding, landslides, and the spread of disease. The environmental degradation also leads to limited natural resources for the community that caused the environmental conflict in an urban area. For resolving environmental conflict needed citizen’s role in activities of environmental communication, especially participation of women. Although the majority of victims of disasters because of climate change are women, but women are more adaptable to changes in the environment than men, so that women can be agent in the face of environmental conflict. This study aims to describe the role of women activists in resolving environmental conflicts caused by environmental problems through environmental communication activities. Research conducted by the mix method, combining quantitative and qualitative approaches in research procedures performed. Research location in Jakarta and Kota Tasikmalaya. The data collection by using survey, the literature review, observation, and in-depth interviews. Respondent selection technique is purposive sampling method, with the criteria of the respondents are women citizen who became an environmental activist in urban areas. The result of this study is the women who become environmental activists have important role in mediation for environmental conflict resolution and environmental awareness activities for sustainable environmental management.
Keywords: environmental activist, environmental communication, environmental conflicts management, gender perspective, sustainability of city
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