Satire on Capitalism in Bertold Brecht’s Caucasian Chalk Circle
In the Caucasian Chalk Circle, Brecht employs satire to lambast rigid convention and conventional legal system. In the Prologue, two groups of peasants are disputing over the ownership of a piece of land. The dispute is settled shockingly. The original owners of the land relinquish their possession because the other group can make a better use of the land. The decision is ridiculous and cannot be accepted in capitalist country. But Brecht is clever enough to subdue the feeling of disappointment of the spectators. He employs satiric humor to make unnatural decision felt natural. The wedding of Grusha, the protagonist of the play, and a dying man evokes our laughter but the intention is to criticize and scorn capitalist religion. Satire continues when Azdak is made judge. He coins his verdicts in contradictory to conventional legal system. Victims of crime are punished and fined while the perpetrators are set free. The analysis applies qualitative research method as generated by Koul (1984), and Herbert (1990). The results indicate that Azdak’s verdicts give rise to audience’s laughters, and they deliberately impress the audience.
Keywords: capitalist, communist, criticize, legal, satire, verdicts
 Brecht, Bertold. (1983). Two Plays by Bertolt Brecht. Translated by Eric Bentley. New York: New American Library.
 . (1984). The Caucasian Chalk Circle. Minnesota: Northfield.
 Herbet, Martin. 1990. Planning a Research Project. London: Macmillan.
 Kizungu, Walimu Wa. (March 29, 2014). Marxism in Bertolt Brecht’s The Caucasian Chalk Circle. Retrieved from https://kkiariez.wordpress.com/2014/03/29/ marxismin bertolt-bretchs-the-caucasian-chalk-circle-2/
 . (March 23, 2015). Satire in The Caucasian Chalk Circle by Bertolt Brecht. Retrieved from https://kkiariez.wordpress.com/2015/03/23/satire-in-thecaucasian chalk-circle-by-bertolt-brecht/
 Koul, L. 1984. Methodology of Education Research. New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House.
 Liu, Xiaoqing. (2013). A Metonymic Translation: Bertolt Brecht’s The Caucasian Chalk Circle. Translation: A Transdisciplinary Journal: 133-158. Retrieved from http://digitalcommons.butler.edu/facsch_papers/ 848
 McClennen, Sophia A. (2011). Colbert’s America: Satire on Democracy. New York: Palgrave and Macmillan
 Murua, James. ( January 18, 2015). The Caucasian Chalk Circle: Preaching Communism to a Capitalistic Audience. Retrieved from https://myliteraturelesson.com/caucasianchalk circle-preaching-communism-capitalistic-audience/
 Sitepu, Darman and Siregar, Amrin. (2017). Ridiculing Capitalism in Bertold Brecht’s Caucasian Chalk Circle. Banda Aceh, Indonesia: Proceedings of The 7th Annual International Conference (AIC) Syiah Kuala University and The 6th International Conference on Multidisciplinary Research (ICMR) in conjunction with the International Conference on Electrical Engineering and Informatics (ICELTICs) 2017, October 18-20, 2017.