Incorporating the Use of Literature as an Innovative Technique for Teaching English
This paper aims at discussing an effort to incorporate the use of literature in English language teaching. For the reason, language teachers need to know some important ideas i.e. the types of literature can be used for teaching purpose, the approach to the use of literature in language teaching, underlying reasons for using literature in language teaching and steps to implement the use of literature in language classrooms. The most fundamental idea of this paper is focused on the steps to use literature in English language teaching i.e. making decision about needs analysis to know: the types of literary works that the learners want to learn, the difficulty level of the selected literary works in terms of grammar, lexical items and text patterns, and to ensure that a literary work brings pleasure and enjoyment to the learners, formulating objectives to describe what the learners will be able to do after completing a lesson, and selecting innovative teaching teachnique i.e. Analyzing Technique, Memorizing and Producing Technique, Completing Technique, Constructing Technique, as well as Transforming Technique. The techniques may be used by language teachers for teaching English using literature.
Keywords: literature, teaching literature, using literature for teaching English, innovative technique for teaching English
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