Spatial Analysis of the Effect of Halal Product Export and Import on Current Accounts in OIC Countries


OIC countries are countries that have the highest development of the halal industry. Most of the export and import activities carried out by OKI are halal products. Exports and imports of the country’s halal products will describe the condition of the current account surplus or deficit. This study aims to determine the spatial dependence on the current account and the effect of exports and imports of halal products on the current account. The method used descriptive quantitative techniques with spatial analysis. This research was conducted in 51 OIC countries in 2021 using secondary data. The independent variable values are obtained from ITC and the dependent variable is obtained from WDI. The results showed that there is a spatial autocorrelation in the current account, and the spatial autoregressive regression (SAR) results show that exports of halal products have a significant positive effect on the current account. Meanwhile, imports of halal products have a negative but not significant effect on the current account.

Keywords: spatial, halal export, halal import, current account balance

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