Online Bargue Drawing Course Feasibility: Insights from Indonesian Art and Design Students


This paper presents findings and insights from a pilot study on online drawing instruction focusing on the Bargue drawing method conducted with a sample of students from the Art and Design Department at Universitas Negeri Malang (UM), Indonesia. The study aimed to explore the feasibility of an online course consisting of 16 hours of instruction delivered in two-hour sessions held every Tuesday and Thursday. The pilot study involved a total of 20 students. The research methodology employed in this study involved observation of the student’s behavior during the course and analysis of their drawing results. These methodologies facilitated a thorough evaluation of the student’s progress and performance. The participants faced various challenges throughout the online course, including internet connectivity issues, communication effectiveness, and fluctuating student motivation. Eventually, only eight students completed the course successfully. However, these students demonstrated significant progress and achieved impressive results in their drawings. This paper discusses the limitations and challenges encountered during the pilot study, emphasizing the need for an offline workshop model due to the constraints of online learning. The insight gained from this study contributes to understanding the necessary changes and considerations that should be addressed if one intends to pursue online pedagogy for art and design education.

Keywords: art and design education, online learning, drawing instruction, student motivation, Bargue drawing method

[1] Masalimova AR, Khvatova MA, Chikileva LS, Zvyagintseva EP, Stepanova VV, Melnik MV. Distance Learning in Higher Education During Covid-19. Front Educ (Lausanne). 2022;7:7.

[2] Selvaraj A, Radhin V, Ka N, Benson N, Mathew AJ. Effect of pandemic based online education on teaching and learning system. Int J Educ Dev. 2021 Sep;85:102444.

[3] Wang M, Wang M, Cui Y, Zhang H. Art Teachers’ Attitudes Toward Online Learning: An Empirical Study Using Self Determination Theory. Front Psychol. 2021 Apr;12:627095.

[4] Amro DK. The Impact of COVID-19 Lockdown on Design Students. Performance Case Study in the UAE. 2022;41(1):108–24.

[5] Dilmaç, S.: ‘Students’ Opinions about the Distance Education to Art and Design Courses in the Pandemic Process’, World Journal of Education, 2020, 10, (3)

[6] Ackerman, G.M.: ‘Charles Bargue with Jean-Léon Gérôme Drawing Course’ (ACR Edition, 2003. 2003)

[7] Fredrickson BL, Kahneman D. Duration neglect in retrospective evaluations of affective episodes. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1993 Jul;65(1):45–55.

[8] Fryer R. The Digital Studio: A Case Study of an Online Sustainable Design Studio. In: Filho WL, editor. Transformative Approaches to Sustainable Development at Universities: Working Across Disciplines. Springer; 2015. 3-319-08837-2_39.

[9] Fleischmann K. Online Design Education: Searching for a Middle Ground. Arts Humanit High Educ. 2020;19(1):36–57.