STEM Education in Solar Cells: An Overview


The remarkable developments in photovoltaic (P.V.) technology over the past five years require a new assessment of its performance and potential for future advancement. Photovoltaic (P.V.) technology development, divided into four, should begin to be studied and implemented in schools through STEM education. Solar cells or photovoltaic (P.V.) offer an important and timely field for STEM education exploration due to their potential to generate broad social, environmental, and health benefits by mitigating climate change, pollution, water scarcity, and more. This article reviews many of the basics of solar cells, such as the working principle of solar cells, solar cell materials, the state of the art of solar cells, and applications of solar cells in everyday life. Furthermore, this article presents the application of solar cells in STEM education. The application of solar cells in STEM education will be discussed regarding the interdisciplinarity of STEM subjects in the context of solar cells. In addition, this paper also explores the hands-on activities done on the topic of solar cells and the challenges and prospects of STEM education in solar sell for future learning.

Keywords: STEM education, solar cells, efficiency, materials science

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