Collaborative Skill Improvement Analysis in Real Laboratories Based on Discovery Learning for Undergraduate Physics Education Major


The 21st-century competencies are needed as provisions for college graduates to face the era of society 5.0. These competencies include creative thinking skills, critical thinking, collaboration, and communication. The research aims to illustrate the influence of discovery learning on students’ collaboration skills during real laboratory activities. Discovery learning was chosen because the implementation of practicum activities was carried out in a real laboratory because it requires all the students to play an active role and be able to collaborate in carrying out practicum activities. This type of study uses one pretest-posttest design group. The subject of this study was 30 first-year students from two different classes who took the Basic Physics Practicum II course at the Department of Physics Education, UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung. The implementation of practicum activities is carried out offline so that cooperation and collaboration between groups can be seen. Aspects of the indicator include positive dependence between members, individual responsibilities, group cooperation, and face-to-face interaction. Research data was processed statiscally using the help of SPSS software version 25. Analysis of research results showed that student collaboration skills were complete and appropriate in all indicators. Based on the analysis, an average N-Gain score of 53.2% was obtained with the category being in the criteria for improving collaboration skills.

Keywords: collaborative skill, real laboratory, discovery learning

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