Tourism Development Policy in Tomini Bay Area Gorontalo, Indonesia


This study is intended to describe all local government problems in tourism development policies in the Tomini Bay area of Gorontalo. It outlines dynamic capability collaboration, relational perspectives, and resource-based theory to explain mechanisms and dynamics. The results of this study require collaboration, innovation, and integration of the interests of stakeholders of various parties in the development of a sustainable and innovative regional system. The tourism sector is one of the opportunities to increase local income. However, this has experienced constraints on aspects of local culture that are still attached to community customs, other things such as involvement and empowerment, education, technical guidance of the community that stand out in tourist destination services. This encourages local governments to continue to develop the tourism sector in improving community welfare. This study obtained novelty of new study findings in tourism development policy by the Gorontalo local government, namely the need for the role of stakeholders still requires the synergy of various parties in the Penta helix perspective (academics, business, community, government, and media). The collaborative governance process through face-to-face dialogue, trust building, commitment to the process, shared understanding, and intermediate outcomes has contributed positively in accelerating the development and promotion of digital platform-based tourism potential.

Keywords: policy, development, tourism, collaboration

[1] Guo Y, Jiang J, Li S. A sustainable tourism policy research review. Sustainability (Basel). 2019;11(11):1–16.

[2] Schönherr S, Peters M, Kušcer K. Sustainable tourism policies: from crisisrelated awareness to agendas towards measures. J Destin Marketing Manag. 2023;27( January):100762.

[3] Khan MR, Khan HU, Lim CK, Tan KL, Ahmed MF. Sustainable tourism policy, destination management and sustainable tourism development: A moderatedmediation model. Sustainability (Basel). 2021;13(21):1–22.

[4] Marlinda AP, Cipto B, Al-Fadhat F, Jubba H. South korea’s halal tourism policy - The primacy of demographic changes and regional diplomacy. Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies. 2021;10(3):253–63.

[5] Panasiuk A, Wszendybyl SE. Social aspects of tourism policy in the European Union. the example of Poland and Slovakia. Economies. 2021;9(1):1–24.

[6] Chen Q. The impact of economic and environmental factors and tourism policies on the sustainability of tourism growth in China: evidence using novel NARDL model. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2023 Feb;30(7):19326–41.

[7] Rasethuntsa BC, Perks S. “Travel and tourism policies and enabling conditions: An analysis of strategies in Mauritius and Egypt,” Turyzm/Tourism, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 159–183, 2022,

[8] Nanda WD, Widianingsih I, Miftah AZ. The Linkage of Digital Transformation and Tourism Development Policies in Indonesia from 1879–2022: Trends and Implications for the Future. Sustainability (Basel). 2023;15(13):10201.

[9] Indraningsih K. Implementation of Tourism Development Policy in Palu City. PaRAMA Tourism Journal: Panorama, Recreation, Accomodation, Merchandise, Accessbility. 2019;1(1):31–40.

[10] Harirah Z, Azwar W, Isril I. Tracking the Existence of Local Wisdom in Siak Regency Tourism Development Policy in the Globalization Era. J Soc Sci Humanit. 2021 Apr;10(1):70.

[11] Suwardana IW. “Policy Analysis of Tourism Development (Intervention Through Sustainable Policy in Bali),” Proceedings of the National Seminar UNUD, pp. 1–25, 2016.

[12] Darman Moenir H, Halim A. “Implementation of ASEAN Tourism Strategic Plan (ATSP) in Indonesia’s Marine Tourism Policy,” PIR Journal, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 166–189, 2020, [Online]. Available: 92-11279/jokowi-sebar-ide-poros-maritim-di-ktt-

[13] Weible CM. An advocacy coalition framework approach to stakeholder analysis: understanding the political context of California marine protected area policy. J Public Adm Res Theory. 2007 Jan;17(1):95–117.

[14] J. L. W. A. Pressman, Implementation: How great expectations in Washington are dashed in Oakland; Or, why it’s amazing that federal programs work at all, this being a saga of the Economic Development Administration as told by two sympathetic observers who seek to build morals on a foundation. Volume 708. Berkeley: University of California Press; 1984.

[15] Paul. Sabatier, “Top down and Bottom up Approaches to Implementation Research,”. J Public Policy. 1986;6(1):21–48.

[16] M., & H. P. Hill, Implementing public policy: Governance in theory and in practice. . 2002.

[17] Salamon LM. “The New Governance and the Tools of Public Action: An Introduction,” 2001.[Online]. Available: Availableat:

[18] Bardach E. Networks, Hierarchies, and Hybrids. Int Public Manage J. 2017 Oct;20(4):560–85.

[19] Shultz GP. Thinking about the future, vol. 699. Hoover Institution Press, Universitas Stanford, Stanford, California, 2019.

[20] Mahulae JP. Description of the Problems of Sustainable Tourism Development Efforts in Lake Toba, North Sumatra. Inovasi. 2019;16(1):11–20.

[21] Sinaga K, Nasution MA, Dewi AT. Implementation of Tourism Development Policy Based on Community Empowerment. PUBLIK: Journal of Human Resource Management, Administration and Public Service. 2021;8(1):79–90.

[22] Kerans AH, Subarsono. “Strategic Policy Performance of Community-Based Tourism Development in East Flores Regency,” 2019.

[23] Nugroho S. “Some Problems in the Development of the Tourism Sector in Indonesia,” Pariwisata, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 124–131, 2020, [Online]. Available:

[24] Tristaningrat MA. The idea of developing a tourism village based on local culture to develop regional local wisdom. Maha Widya Bhuwana. 2018;1(1):81–9.

[25] Kadji Y. Formulation and Implementation of Public Policy Leadership and Bureaucratic Behavior in Reality Facts, vol. Nopember 2015. 2015.

[26] Hernawan D, Pratidina G. Tourism Development Policy Implementation Model in Improving Tourism Destinations in Bogor Regency. Journal of Social Humanities. 2015;6(2):19–26.

[27] A. A. Asthu et al., Indonesia’s Tourism and Creative Economy Outlook 2023/2024. 2023.

[28] BPS Provinsi Gorontalo, “Gorontalo Hotel and Transportation Development October 2021,” 2023.

[29] Xiao Y, Tang X, Wang J, Huang H, Liu L. Assessment of Coordinated Development Between Tourism Development and Resource Environment Carrying Capacity: A Case Study of Yangtze River Economic Belt in China. Ecol Indic. 2022 Aug;141:109125.

[30] Mahsun and M. Jumali. Comunity Based Tourism: Solutions to Overcome Social and Cultural Problems through the Development of Mandalika Tourism in Central Lombok. Jurnal Bina Wakya. 2018;1(1):17–25.

[31] Anouti A, Chaperon S, Kennell J. Tourism policy and United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 16: peace and stability in the Middle East and North Africa. Worldw Hosp Tour Themes. 2023 Mar;15(2):108–16.

[32] Ariyani N, Fauzi A. A Policy Framwork For Sustainable Tourism Development Based on Partisipatory Approaches: A Case Study In The Kedung Ombo Tourism Area- Indonesia. Geo J Tour Geosites. 2022;40(1):129–35.

[33] Gamidullaeva L, Vasin S, Tolstykh T, Zinchenko S. Approach to Regional Tourism Potential Assessment in View of Cross-Sectoral Ecosystem Development. Sustainability (Basel). 2022 Nov;14(22):15476.

[34] Hailuddin M, Suryatni M, Yuliadi I, Canon S, Syaparuddin S, Endri E. Suryatni, I. Yuliadi, S. Canon, Syaparudin, and Endri, “Beach Area Development Strategy as the Prime Tourism Area in Indonesia,”. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism. 2022;13(2):414–26.

[35] Chris C. Managing tourism knowledge: a review. Tour Rev. 2018;73(4):507–20.

[36] B., C. C., & C. R. Boniface, Worldwide Destinations: The geography of travel and tourism, 7th ed. 2016.

[37] Cooper C, Hall CM. Contemporary Tourism: An International Approach, vol. 2008. 2011.

[38] Ali Y. Challenge and Prospect of Ethiopian Tourism Policy. Journal of Hotel & Business Management. 2016;5(1):

[39] Estol J, Font X. European tourism policy: its evolution and structure. Tour Manage. 2016 Feb;52:230–41.

[40] Petridou E, Olausson PM, Ioannides D. Nascent island tourism policy development in greenland: A network perspective. Island Stud J. 2019 Nov;14(2):227–44.

[41] Luongo S, Sepe F, Del Gaudio G. Regional innovation systems in tourism: the role of collaboration and competition. J Open Innov. 2023 Dec;9(4):100148.

[42] Fitriana K, et al. Collaborative Governance in Developing Tourism Potential Through Tourism Villages. 2023. pp. 156–71. DOI