Factors Inhibiting Implementation of Disaster Management Policies (Case Study of Stunting Management in Rokan Hilir Regency)


Globally, in 2020 it was estimated that 149 million children under the age of 5 will experience stunting (WHO, 2020). In 2021, the stunting prevalence rate in Indonesia would still be 24.4%, even though the WHO maximum limit for stunting in a country is 20%. Meanwhile, the prevalence of stunting in West Sumatra at the end of 2021 was 23% (Ministry of Health, 2021). To accelerate the reduction in stunting rates, the government is implementing a convergent intervention approach involving multiple sectors at various levels. Implementation of convergent interventions was carried out by combining or integrating various resources to achieve a common goal, namely ensuring that services from each specific nutrition intervention and sensitive nutrition intervention are available in districts/cities and villages and are easily accessed and utilized by community groups in need, especially mothers. Pregnant women, breastfeeding mothers, and children aged between 0 and 23 months were referred to as 1000 HPK households or priority targets. Apart from that there were important target categories, namely children aged between 24 and 59 months, women of childbearing age, and young women. This research examines the factors inhibiting the implementation of disaster management policies (Case Study of Stunting Management in Rokan Hilir Regency). This research was carried out to deal with stunting and accelerate the reduction in stunting prevalence. The involvement of all stakeholders in encouraging, modifying, and expanding the scope of work areas certainly requires support and sufficient budget from the central and regional governments. The role of multi-stakeholders is really needed by building commitment, shared perspectives, resource support, and actor strength. The approach taken is a qualitative approach with descriptive analysis methods. The data required in this research consists of primary and secondary data. The units of analysis in this research are people or parties who are considered to have knowledge about the implementation of food security policy innovations in dealing with stunting and also from the policy implementing apparatus. Some of whom have certain positions, including staff, the community and also from NGOs which are parties involved in implementing food security policy innovations to combat stunting in Rokan Hilir Regency.

Keywords: Implementation Public Policy, disaster management, stunting management

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