``How is Parental Burnout in Working Moms?'' Studies Based on Social Support and Parenting Self-efficacy


The many demands in the various aspects of a women’s life rquire them to undergo a dual role, being housewives and working mothers. The dual roles that the mother chooses cause excessive burnout and have an impact on childcare. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of social support and parenting self-efficacy on parental burnout in working mothers. This study used a nonexperimental quantitative approach with causal relationships. The subjects in the study were selected by accidental sampling techniques which was 112 working mothers, meeting the following criteria: (1) working in a government or private agency; (2) having a minimum working hours of 8 hours each day; (3) working full time in workplace, and (4) having a child aged 1–5 years. The measuring tools used in this study were parental burnout assessment (PBA), social support scale, and self-efficacy for parenting task index (SEPTI). Data analysis was done using multiple linear regression tests. The results showed an effect of social support and parenting self-efficacy on parental burnout (P < 0.05). Social support contributed to parental burnout at 7.7% and parenting self-efficacy at 17.6%.

Keywords: social support, parenting self-efficacy, parental burnout

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