The Local Wisdom on Sundanese People in Relationship with the Natural Environment: An Analytical Study of the Philosophy of Society of Kampung Dukuh Garut


There is no doubt that the advent of Islam in the Archipelago Region, particularly in the Sunda World, has transformed the weltanschauung of the local community, shifting from a polytheistic paradigm to the monotheistic paradigm (tawhid). This has fostered a synergy between the outcomes of Divine revelation and Sundanese wisdom, giving rise to local wisdom in Malay-Islamic society. Moreover, the role of intellectuals in bridging the perspectives of ”sky idealism” with ”earth/cultural reality” is crucial in shaping dynamic, relevant, and applicable teachings of local wisdom embraced by the Sundanese people. This reciprocal process is evident in the collection of Sundanese local wisdom in Alam Parahyangan, whether in written form or through actions and practices. The objective of this study is to highlight several points. Firstly, it aims to demonstrate that the awareness of living in harmony with nature is manifested in the local wisdom of indigenous peoples through their views and concepts. Secondly, it seeks to emphasize the unique construction and formulation of Sundanese local wisdom, which results from the synthesis of Islamic values and Sundanese thought. Lastly, the study proposes the re-examination of Sundanese manuscripts, which serve as repositories of local Sundanese-Islamic wisdom. These manuscripts exhibit various forms of thoughts, including rhymes, dangding (a form of Sundanese poetry), advice, and others.

Keywords: the local wisdom of Sundanese people, natural preservation, Sundanese text

[1] Indratno I, Chamid C, Judiantono T, Verdiana A, Pamungkas MR. “Meaning of phenomenon and culture in Rawabogo tourism village, Bandung regency.” in 4th Social and Humanities Research Symposium (SoRes 2021). 2022. 10.2991/assehr.k.220407.091.

[2] Indrawardana I. KEARIFAN LOKAL ADAT MASYARAKAT SUNDA DALAM HUBUNGAN DENGAN LINGKUNGAN ALAM. KOMUNITAS: International Journal of Indonesian Society and Culture. 2013;4(1):

[3] Beyers J. Religion and culture: revisiting a close relative. HTS Teologiese Studies/theological Studies. 2017;73(1):

[4] Operator Visit Garut. “Kampung Dukuh.” trashed/, May 2017.

[5] Juru kunci [Internet]. Wikipedia. 2023 [cited 2023 Jul 12]. Available from:

[6] Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia. “Kuncen.”

[7] Syukur A, Qodim H. Islam, Tradisi Lokal, dan Konservasi Alam: Studi Kasus di Kampung Dukuh Kabupaten Garut. KALAM. 2017;10(1):141.

[8] Rachmat Effendi M, Setiadi E, Ahmad Nasir M. THE LOCAL WISDOM BASED ON RELIGIOUS VALUES A CASE OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLE IN INDONESIA. Humanities & Social Sciences Reviews. 2020;8(3):1395–1404.

[9] Ansori FM, Rusmana D, Hakim A. Kehidupan Keberagamaan Masyarakat Kampung Adat Dukuh Cikelet - Garut Jawa Barat. Al-Tsaqafa : Jurnal Ilmiah Peradaban Islam. 2020;17(2):221–232.

[10] Hilman I. Kearifan Lokal Masyarakat Adat Kampung Dukuh Sebagai Cagar Budaya Di Desa Ciroyom Kecamatan Cikelet Kabupaten Garut Provinsi Jawa Barat. April 2017.

[11] Nurdiansah N. “Budaya Pamali sebagai Landasan Pembelajaran Lingkungan di Sekolah Dasar (Studi Kasus pada Masyarakat Adat Kampung Naga Tasikmalaya).” Pedagogi : Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan. 2017;4(1).