The Principle of Meaningful Participation in the Formation of the Maternity Leave Policies in Indonesia


The maternity leave policy in Indonesia is in the process of transitioning from a three month leave as per the Indonesian Employment Law to a six month leave in accordance with the Maternal and Child Welfare Bill (‘MCH Bill’). The government delayed the legalization of the bill due to the policy being controversial among the public, especially employers and workers. The controversy that occurred was a reaction to the exclusion of certain voices in the process of forming the MCH Bill. This research aimed to highlight the problem related to meaningful participation in the formation of maternity leave policy in Indonesia. The methodology used in this study is the legal doctrine method with a statutory and a conceptual approach. In the process of forming legislation in Indonesia, the principle of meaningful participation must be applied to accommodate the aspirations of all parties involved in the implementation of the law. In the context of the establishment of the MCH Bill, the meaningful participation of employers and workers is crucial because they are the main actors in the production process and the main actors in the MCH Bill.

Keywords: Maternity Leave, Meaningful Participation, MCH Bill

[1] Badan Keahlian DP. Analisis RKP dan Pembicaraan Pendahuluan APBN Nomor 04/an.PKA/PP/VI/2021.DAK Fisik Bidang Kesehatan dalam Mendukung Target Penurunan Angka Kematian Ibu dan Anak. Jakarta; 2021.

[2] Addati L, Cassirer N, Gilchrist K. Maternity and Paternity at Work (Law and Practice Across the World). 1st ed. Geneva: International Labour Office; 2014.

[3] Stumbitz B, Lewis S, Kyei AA, Lyon F. Maternity protection in formal and informal economy workplaces: the case of Ghana. World Dev. 2018;110:373–84.

[4] Stearns J. The effects of paid maternity leave: Evidence from Temporary Disability Insurance. J Health Econ. 2015 Sep;43:85–102.

[5] Aitken Z, Garrett CC, Hewitt B, Keogh L, Hocking JS, Kavanagh AM. The maternal health outcomes of paid maternity leave: a systematic review. Soc Sci Med. 2015 Apr;130:32–41.

[6] Monteiro FR. G. dos S. Buccini, S. I. Venâncio, and T. H. M. da Costa, “Influência da licença-maternidade sobre a amamentação exclusiva,”. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2017;93(5):475–81.

[7] Bencsik A, Juhasz T, Machova R, Toth Z. Critical questions of knowledge management concerning women on maternity leave in Hungary. Acta Polytech Hung. 2015;12(8):175–94.

[8] Abe Y. The Equal Employment Opportunity Law and labor force behavior of women in Japan. J Jpn Int Econ. 2011;25(1):39–55.

[9] Huang R, Yang M. Paid maternity leave and breastfeeding practice before and after California’s implementation of the nation’s first paid family leave program. Econ Hum Biol. 2015 Jan;16:45–59.

[10] Li W, Liu J, Li D. Getting their voices heard: three cases of public participation in environmental protection in China. J Environ Manage. 2012 May;98(1):65–72.

[11] Kamarudin, “Tinjauan Yuridis Partisipasi Masyarakat dalam Proses Pembentukan Undang-Undang. Perspekt. Huk; 2015. pp. 184–203.