Nurturing Students' Intercultural Competence in a Bilingual School: Teachers' Knowledge and Practice in Character Education
Students’ intercultural competence is essential to interacting with people from different cultures across the globe for diverse purposes. This research aimed to discover teachers’ knowledge and practices of intercultural competence in the classroom and school environment. The study used a descriptive qualitative approach with openended questions to find out the teachers’ knowledge and semi-structured interviews to determine whether the teachers’ practices were employed. The sample consisted of eight teachers who participated in the open-ended questions, and four of them were in a semi-structured one-on-one interview. The data analyses were done qualitatively. The result showed that the teacher in this situation leads and teaches students to have intercultural competence by integrating students with activities in the learning process and school activities that have established intercultural awareness to receive input from these activities.
Keywords: intercultural competence, bilingual school, teachers’ knowledge, teachers’ practice
 Al-Obaydi LH. Cultural diversity, awareness and teaching: A study in an EFL context. Journal of Asia TEFL. 2019;16(3):987–95.
 Borg S. A framework for studying language teacher cognition. Teacher Cognition and Language Education: Research and Practice. London: Bloomsbury Academic; 2006. pp. 319–39.
 Creswell JW. Research design: Qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods approaches. 4th ed. California: SAGE Publications, Inc.; 2014.
 Easwaramoorthy M, Zarinpoush F. Interviewing for research. Canada Volunteerism Initiative. 2006;6. Retrieved from http://sectorsource.ca/resource/file/interviewingresearch
 Hennings J. What is intercultural competence and why is it important to business? Proceedings of the Engaged Management Scholarship Conference. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3240922.
 Holguín BR. Towards the development of intercultural competence skills: a pedagogical experience with pre-service teachers. HOW. 2013;20(1):206–225. Available from https://howjournalcolombia.org/index.php/how/article/view/31
 Holubnycha L, Kostikova II, Leiba O, Lobzova S, Chornovol-Tkachenko R. Developing students’ intercultural competence at the tertiary level. Revista Romaneasca Pentru Educatie Multidimensionala. 2019;11(3):245–62.
 Ilie OA. The intercultural competence. Developing effective intercultural communication skills. Proceedings of the International Conference Knowledge-Based Organization. 2019;25(2):264–268.
 Kemdikbudristek. Pelajar Pancasila. Available from https://cerdasberkarakter.kemdikbud.go.id
 Kemdikbudristek. Dimensi, elemen, dan subelemen profil pelajar Pancasila pada kurikulum merdeka (Keputusan Kepala BSKAP Nomor 009/H/KR/2022). 2022. Available from https://kurikulum.kemdikbud.go.id/wp-content/unduhan/Dimensi_PPP.pdf
 Lambert VA, Lambert CE. Qualitative descriptive research: an acceptable design. Pac Rim Int J Nurs Res Thail. 2012;16(4):255–6. Available from: https://he02.tcithaijo. org/index.php/PRIJNR/article/view/5805
 Leung K, Ang S, Tan ML. Intercultural competence. Annu Rev Organ Psychol Organ Behav. 2014;1(1):489–519.
 Liu C. Cultivation of intercultural awareness in EFL teaching. Journal of Language Teaching and Research. 2016;7(1):226–32.
 Mardiani R. (2018). Intercultural communication fostering the students’ intercultural competence in an EFL classroom (A case study at the fourth year students of STKIP Pasundan). Proceedings of the International English Language Teachers and Lecturers Conference (iNELTAL). 2018;1:121–135.
 Mistiani W, Istiyono E, Syamsudin A. Construction of the character assessment instrument for 21st century students in high schools. European Journal of Educational Research. 2022;11(2):935–47.
 Patton MQ. Qualitative research and evaluation methods. 4th ed. California: SAGE Publications, Inc.; 2015.
 Permatasari I, Andriyanti E. Developing students’ intercultural communicative competence through cultural text-based teaching. Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics. 2021;11(1):72–82.
 Rokhayati T. Intercultural approach and character education-based developing English textbook. English Review: Journal of English Education. 2016;5(1):131–40.
 Tsareva E, Gulnaz F, Murtazina E. Developing students’ intercultural competence during the professional oriented course in English as a foreign language. Proceedings of the IEEE Global Engineering Education Conference (EDUCON). 2020:1110–1114.
 Weller SC, Vickers B, Bernard HR, Blackburn AM, Borgatti S, Gravlee CC, et al. Open-ended interview questions and saturation. PLoS One. 2018 Jun;13(6)0198606.
 Zakso A, Agung I, Susanto AB, Capnary MC. The effect of strengthening character education on tolerance increasing and development of Pancasila students in border area: case of West Kalimantan province. Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies. 2021;10(5):232–48.