An Overview of Bilingual Education Practices in Pesantren


This article examines findings from studies on bilingual education in pesantren-based schools. Research on the effectiveness and challenges of implementing models and initiatives is the primary focus. Existing research indicates that the programs and models assist the achievement of additive and unidirectional bilingual education. Nonetheless, obstacles and issues like low student motivation remain a significant concern for pesantren. Finally, we address the educational consequences that exist in an effort to better the future pesantren bilingual education process.

Keywords: bilingual education, model, Islamic boarding school

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