The Effectiveness of Progressive Muscle Relaxation on Physiological and Psychological Stress Control of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Clients in the Mandailing Batak Tribe


Diabetes mellitusis a chronic disease that is always increasing in prevalence in the world. The Mandailing Batak tribe is one of the tribes in North Sumatra. DM clients experience various physiological complaints such as hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia and fatigue. In addition, complaints of discomfort are also one of the problems that occur in diabetics. This study aims to identify progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) in overcoming hyperglycemia, fatigue and discomfort in type 2 diabetes mellitus sufferers of the Mandailing Batak tribe.This research was conducted in Padangsidimpuan City from April to July 2020. Quasi-experimental is the design used in this study with a one group pretest-posttest only design. The sampling technique used was purposive sampling with a sample size of 20 people. The instruments used were glucotes, piper fatigue scale, verbal comfort rating scale. PMR can be used as a complementary therapy in reducing hyperglycemia, fatigue and discomfort. The average blood glucose level before the intervention was 293 mg/dl and after 207.65 mg/dl. The average score of fatigue before getting 4.45 and after 2.60. Average discomfort score from 4 to 6. PMR can reduce physiological and psychological stress in type 2 diabetes mellitus sufferers in the Mandailing Batak tribe.

Keywords: Psychological stress; progressive muscle; diabetes mellitus

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