Fox News Channel Constructed Realities of Christchurch Shooting


Fox News Channel is a mass media that has ideological ties to the United States Republican Party. Fox & Friends is claimed to be the highest rating cable news program in the US since 2001. In 2019, Fox & Friends reported Christchurch Shooting. The Christchurch incident is the deadliest mass shooting in New Zealand history. FNC constructed reality potentially influenced the public’s understanding of Christchurch shooting. This research examines and explores FNC constructed reality by analyzing how the perpetrators, motives, and impacts are framed. Based on research findings, FNC constructed reality denied the Christchurch shooting as an act of terror. It also tried to influence public understanding that the perpetrator has no ideological connection with Donald Trump. When compared with the Utrecht shooting, FNC chose to use word terror in describing the event, even before the Dutch government gave an official statement regarding the incident. FNC constructed reality shows bias and favoritism towards perpetrators of a certain race, which contradicts the company’s slogan that claims to produce fair and balanced coverages. Thus, to carry out the journalistic functions in a democratic country, FNC must educate the public about the realities, instead of spreading biased and discriminatory reporting.

Keywords: Ideological; Fox news; Christcurch shooting

[1] Eriyanto. Analisis framing: Konstruksi, ideologi, dan politik media. Yogyakarta: PT LKiS Printing Cemerlang; 2012.

[2] Bebawi S. Media power and global television news: The role of Al Jazeera English. London: I. B. Tauris; 2018.

[3] Entman RM. Framing: Toward clarification of a fractured paradigm. Journal of Communication. 1993;43(4):51-58.

[4] Fox News Channel Corporate Information. Available from:

[5] Fox News Channel. Fox News channel continues its reign as the most-watched basic cable network for 16 consecutive months in total day. 2017. Foxnews. Available from:

[6] La Monica PR. Inside Rupert’s Brain. Bern: Peter Lang; 2009.

[7] Mitchell A, Gottfried J, Kiley J, Matsa KE. Political polarization & media habits. Pew Research Center: Journalism & Media Analysis. 2014. Available from: 2014/10/21/media-habits/

[8] Martin GJ, Yurukoglu A. Bias in cable news: Persuasion and polarization. American Economic Review. 2017;107(9):2565-99.

[9] Silverblatt A, Finan B, Ferry J. Approaches to media literacy a handbook. London: Taylor & Francis; 2015.

[10] Sobur A. Analisis teks media: Suatu pengantaruntuk analisis wacana, analisis semiotik, dan analisis framing. Bandung: PT REMAJA ROSDAKARYA; 2015.

[11] Lauk E, Harro-Loit H. Journalistic autonomy as a professional value and element of journalism culture: The European perspective. International Journal of Communication. 2016;11:1956-1974.

[12] Couldry N, Hepp A. The mediated construction of reality. US: John Wiley & Sons; 2018.

[13] Yan F. Image, reality and media construction: A frame analysis of German Media Representations of China. Singapore: Springer Nature; 2020.

[14] D’Angelo P. Doing news framing analysis II: Empirical and theoretical perspectives. New York: Routledge; 2018.

[15] Stempel III GH, Hargrove TK. The 21st-century voter: Who votes, how they vote, and why they vote. California: ABC-CLIO; 2015.