The implementation of REAP strategy to improve students reading comprehension of analytical expositional text in digital era


and Ponder (REAP) strategy using technology to improve analytical exposition text comprehension of the private senior high school students. The research was in an experimental study with pre-test and post-test design. In experimental class consisted of 26 students and in the control class consisted of 26 students as the sample of this research. The data were collected by using reading comprehension test with multiplechoice form and analyzed by using t-test formula. The finding showed that there was a difference mean-score before and after using REAP Strategy. So, by implementing REAP Strategy to students’ analytical exposition text comprehension at grade XI of private senior high school students in Indonesia in digitalization era, the students’ reading comprehension improved. Moreover, it is suggested next researchers, to conduct a deeper exploration in teaching expositional texts using REAP strategy.

Keywords: REAP strategy; digital era; senior high school

[1] Ding M. Influence of new media technology on the reading habits of contemporary college students. Journal of Physics: Conference Series. 2020;1533(4):1533. doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/1533/4/042087.

[2] Nunan D. Practical english language teaching. McGraw-Hill/Contemporary; 2003.

[3] Harida ES. Students’ ability and difficulties in understanding english text (A study at english program IAIN Padangsidimpuan). Al-Ta’lim. 2014;21(3):183–188. Available from:

[4] Adelini A, Harida ES, Siregar FR. The effect of peer tutoring strategy on students’ reading comprehension in narrative text at grade X SMA negeri 8 padangsidimpuan. TAZKIR J. Penelit. Ilmu-ilmu Sos. dan Keislam. 2018;04(1):191–204. Available from:

[5] Suyono. Private interview. Padangsidimpuan; 2018.

[6] Holandyah M. Teaching reading comprehension using REAP strategy to the third semester students of english program in Tarbiyah faculty of IAIN raden fatah palembang. 2013;4:1–26.

[7] Manzo AV, Manzo UC. Content area reading, a heuristic approach. Ohio: Columbus Merrill Publishing Company; 1990.

[8] Tiruneh DT. The effect of explicit reading strategy instruction on reading comprehension of upper primary grade students. Int. J. Educ. 2014;6(3). doi: 10.5296/ije.v6i3.5989.

[9] Renette R. Using REAP (Read, encode, annotate, ponder) in teaching reading. 2016;4:278–282.

[10] Zasmita F. Using of reading, encoding, annotating, and pondering (REAP) teachnique to improve students’ reading comprehension (A classroom action research at eighth grade students in MTSN 1 Kota Bengkulu in academic years 2016). Ta’dib. 2017;19(2):147–164. Available from: 08e7e7753f1c4c98be5b7a4c335360e0.

[11] Navaie LA. The effects of reciprocal teaching on reading comprehension of Iranian EFL learners. doi: 10.7575/aiac.alls.v.9n.4p.26.

[12] Chumworatayee T. The effect of reading strategy instruction on Thai EFL adult learners’ reading strategy awareness. Lang. Educ. Acquis. Res. Netw. J. 2020;10(1). Available:

[13] Sitompul DF, Harida ES, Rambe S. Improving students’ reading comprehension through guessing strategy. English Educ. English J. Teach. Learn. 2019;7(01):127. doi: 10.24952/ee.v7i01.1658.

[14] Melani M, Syafitri L. Investigating students’ need in developing integrated model of intensive and extensive reading instruction at english education study program of Islamic State Institute of Bukittinggi. Journal of Physics: Conference Series. 2020;1471(1):12028. doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/1471/1/012028.

[15] Cahyaningtyas AP, Mustadi A. The effect of REAP strategy on reading comprehension. SHS Web Conf. 2018;42:00014. doi: 10.1051/shsconf/20184200014.

[16] Ahmad SZ. Impact of Cornell Notes vs. REAP on EFL secondary school students’ critical reading skills. Int. Educ. Stud. 2019;12(10): doi: 10.5539/ies.v12n10p60.

[17] Triana I, Riandi R. The effect of read, encode, annotate, and ponder (REAP) strategy towards student’s reading comprehension. MENDIDIK J. Kaji. Pendidik. dan Pengajaran. 2019;5(2):149–158. doi: 10.30653/003.201952.79.

[18] Riansyah D, Yultisa N. The effect of using READ (Read, Encode, Annotate, Ponder) method on students’ reading comprehension in analytical exposition text of the eleventh grade of SMK Swasta Harapan Stabat in academic year 2019/2020. J. Serunai Bhs. Ingg. 2020;12(1):35–44. doi: 10.37755/JSBI.V12I1.275.

[19] Pardede P. Print vs digital reading comprehension in EFL. J. English Teach. 2019;5(2). Available from: reading+comprehension&ff1=dtySince_2017&pg=2&id=EJ1266161.