E-Modul Based Flipped Classroom Learning Models in Vocational Education


This research is motivated by the lack of innovative learning media used in that it is still less innovative, only using media available in the environment and not utilizing technology. The aim of this research is to produce an E-Module oriented to the flipped classroom model that can improve students’ achievement of 21st century competencies. This study used a development research design with the ASSURE development model. The results showed that the E-Module oriented to the flipped classroom model using the Kvisoft Flipbook Maker application in learning computer network security developed met valid criteria with the characteristics of the media content in accordance with the curriculum, clear design and layout, ease of media operation, clear language. , simple, concise, easy to understand, and the presentation is clearly adapted to the characteristics of students. The results of observations and questionnaires show that the learning media is practical with characteristics that have clear content and objectives, are easy to read, have an attractive appearance and can increase student attractiveness and interest in learning computer network security. In addition, the media developed has also been effective in increasing student activity and learning outcomes and the 21st century students’ learning competencies have also increased.

Keywords: Flipped; Classroom learning; learning competencies

[1] Bao W. COVID-19 and online teaching in higher education: A case study of Peking University. Hum. Behav. Emerg. Technol. 2020;2(2):113–115. doi: 10.1002/hbe2.191.

[2] Mishra DL, Gupta DT, Shree DA. Online teaching-learning in higher education during lockdown period of covid-19 pandemic. Int. J. Educ. Res. Open. 2020;100012. doi: 10.1016/j.ijedro.2020.100012.

[3] Erdisna RE, Ganefri, Ridwan. Developing of entrepreneur digitals learning model in the industrial revolution 4 . 0 to improve 21 st century skills. Int. J. Eng. Adv. Technol. 2020;9(3):143-151. doi: 10.35940/ijeat.C5005.029320.

[4] Erdisna RE, Ganefri, Ridwan. Effectiveness of entrepreneur digital learning. Int. J. Sci. Technol. Res. 2020;9(03):5611–5616.

[5] Iskandar et al. Competence improvement of visual basic programming through project-based learning. Int. J. Sci. Technol. Res. 2019;8(9):1757–1760.

[6] Efendi R, Jama J, Yulastri A. Development of competency based learning model in learning computer networks. J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 2019;1387(1):0–6. doi: 10.1088/1742- 6596/1387/1/012109.

[7] Johan TM, Ambyar, Jama J, Efendi R, Dewi M. Developing of MONAKI model on nursing information system to improve 21st century competencies. Int. J. Sci. Technol. Res. 2019;8(11):1247–1251.

[8] Hidayati A, Saputra A, Efendi R. Development of e-module oriented flipped classroom strategies in computer network learnin. Rekayasa Sist. dan Teknol. Inf. 2020;4(3):429–437. doi: https://doi.org/10.29207/resti.v4i3.1641.

[9] Ambiyar YI, Efendi R, Waskito, Yondri S. Pengembangan e-authentic asessment berbasis PBL untuk meningkatkan kompetensi mahasiswa dalam pembelajaran jaringan komputer. Rekayasa Sist. dan Teknol. Inf. 2019;3(3).

[10] Ambiyar, Efendi R, Irawati Y, Suryadimal. Effectiveness e-authentic assessment in computer network course. J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 2020;1481:1–9. doi: 10.1088/1742- 6596/1481/1/012131.

[11] Ambiyar, Ganefri, Suryadimal, Jalinus N, Efendi R, Jeprimansyah. Development of work based learning (WBL) learning model in heat transfer courses. J. Phys. Conf. Ser. Ser. 2020;1481. doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/1481/1/012113.

[12] Ridwan AS. Inovasi pembelajaran. Jakarta: PT bumi aksara; 2012.

[13] Efendi R, Jama J, Yulastri A, Padang UN, Padang UN, Padang UN. Effectiveness of competency based learning. Int. J. Educ. Dyn. 2019;1(2):284–292. doi: https://doi.org/10.24036/ijeds.v1i2.155.

[14] Budiman H. Peran teknologi informasi dan komunikasi dalam pendidikan. Al- Tadzkiyyah J. Pendidik. Islam. 2017;8(1):31. doi: 10.24042/atjpi.v8i1.2095.

[15] Wirth KR, Perkins D. Learning to learn. Recuper; 2008. Available from: http//www. macalester. edu/geology/wirth/CourseMaterials.html.

[16] Harpaz Y. Teaching and learning in a community of thinking. 2005;20(2).

[17] Efendi R. Implementation of project based learning: Research overview. Appl. Sci. Technol. 2017;1:280–285.

[18] Efendi R, Yulastri A, Yusran. Implementation competency based learning model of learning computer network courses at vocational education. J. Adv. Res. Dyn. Control Syst. 2019;11(5):501–505.

[19] Waldrop JB, Bowdon MA. Best practices for flipping the college classroom. Best Pract. Flip. Coll. Classr. 2015;1–166. doi: 10.4324/9781315777542.

[20] Akçayir G, Akçayir M. The flipped classroom: A review of its advantages and challenges. Comput. Educ. 2018;126( January):334–345. doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2018.07.021.

[21] Mohamed H, Lamia M. Implementing flipped classroom that used an intelligent tutoring system into learning process. Comput. Educ. 2018;124:62–76. doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2018.05.011.

[22] Mehring J, Leis A. Innovations in flipping the language classroom: Theories and practices. 2017.

[23] Awidi IT, Paynter M. The impact of a flipped classroom approach on student learning experience. Comput. Educ. 2019;128:269–283. doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2018.09.013.

[24] Smaldino SE, Lowther DL, Russell JD. Instructional technology and media for learning. Vital Source (for Pearson) VST E+p; 2014.