Application of Cultural Tourism Using Community-Based Tourism in the Kayutangan Heritage Area of Malang City
The Kayutangan heritage area still maintains the architectural forms from its Dutch colonial heritage. The attractions of this form include: cultural heritage buildings, burial sites, irrigation canals and tunnels, the krempyeng market, and events. The purpose of this research was to describe and analyze the application and impact of cultural tourism with the community-based tourism (CBT) concept in the Kampoeng Kayutangan heritage area in Malang City. A descriptive qualitative approach was used to analyze the factors of sustainable tourism development. The results showed that the existing application in the area, covering economic, social, cultural, environmental and political aspects, is already based on the CBT concept. In the economic dimension, the source of funds comes from ticketing or donations allocated for tourism development. However, the economic impact of this tourism has been limited because the impact has not been achieved by the people themselves. In the social dimension, tourists are warmly welcomed when visiting this tourist attraction, which upholds a spirit of togetherness and kinship in serving guests. In the cultural dimension, there is an exchange of ideas where the idea will be accepted and applied for better tourism development. In the environmental dimension, the existing management in this area has not yet implemented 3R, but the management applies segregation and the existing sanitation system is good. In the political dimension, decision-making regarding tourism in this area is carried out by the local tourism community in the Kayutangan Heritage’s Pokdarwis (Tourism Awareness Group).
Keywords: cultural tourism, community-based tourism, Kayutangan Heritage, Malang City 1.
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