Challenges Faced by EFL Learners in Communication: A Case Study of Students from a University in South East Sulawesi


Anxiety is undeniably becoming one of the most common problems that EFL students face, especially when it comes to communication-related activities. This reflective essay was written to discuss the perspectives of a language learner on why some of her classmates appear to be very anxious and reluctant to speak English, as well as possible solutions to mitigate the severity of the problem. The aim is for this point of view to prompt language teachers to recognize and appropriately treat anxiety cases.

Keywords: challenges, EFL learners, communication

[1] R. M. I. Khan, N. R. M. Radzuan, M. Shahbaz, A. H. Ibrahim, and G. Mustafa, “The role of vocabulary knowledge in speaking development of Saudi EFL learners,” Arab World English Journal, vol. 9, no. 1, 2018, doi: 10.24093/awej/vol9no1.28.

[2] P. Ur, A course in language teaching, practice and theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

[3] R. Kumar, “A study of factors affecting and causing speaking anxiety,” Procedia of Computer Science, vol. 172, pp. 1053–1058, 2020.

[4]M. J. Riasati, “Willingness to speak English among foreign language learners: A casual model,” Cogent Education, vol. 5, no. 1, 2018, doi: 10.1080/2331186X.2018.1455332.

[5] G. Son and S. Kim, “The potentials of dynamic assessment for the development of English speaking performance: A microgenetic analysis.” 2017. [Online]. Available:

[6] A. Halim, “Question and answer technique in teaching English is this still favored or not?,” Jurnal Al-Ta’dib, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 35–49, 2015.