Family Dysfunction and Depressive Tendencies in Adolescents


Depressive tendencies describe the extent to which a person experiences symptoms of depression. Depression is defined as a psychological condition in which a person experiences deep negative feelings. The onset of depression symptoms can be caused by several factors, one of which is environmental factors. Family can be an environmental factor that affects the psychological well-being of individuals. Families that do not carry out their roles well can be referred to as a dysfunctional family. Adolescence marks the transition from childhood to adulthood. During this period, individuals have a higher prevalence of depression. The objective of this research was to determine the relationship between family dysfunction and depressive tendencies among adolescents in Malang City. The research was conducted with a correlational quantitative approach. 114 subjects were recruited. Data were collected using the Family Assessment Device General Functioning Scale and the Depression Tendency Scale. The results showed that generally, respondents had moderate depressive tendencies, with a mean score of 94.64. Results related to family dysfunction showed a family mean score of 2.1498. This figure indicated that on average the families functioned poorly. This research revealed that there was a significant positive correlation between the two variables with r = 0.626, where the higher the level of family dysfunction, the greater the tendency for depression.

Keywords: depression, family dysfunction, adolescents

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